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Article

Development of the Hedonic Overeating–Questionnaire (HEDO–Q)

1
Integrated Research and Treatment Center Adiposity Diseases, Behavioral Medicine Research Unit, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Leipzig Medical Center, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
2
Clinic for Cognitive Neurology, University of Leipzig Medical Center, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
3
Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
4
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, LMU Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany
5
Schoen Clinic Roseneck, 83209 Prien am Chiemsee, Germany
6
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, 55131 Mainz, Germany
7
Ernst-Abbe-Hochschule, University of Applied Sciences, 07745 Jena, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: David J. Mela
Nutrients 2022, 14(9), 1865; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091865
Received: 31 March 2022 / Revised: 25 April 2022 / Accepted: 27 April 2022 / Published: 29 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Policies and Education for Health Promotion)
Addictive-like eating is prevalent, but a clear conceptualization and operationalization outside of an addiction framework is lacking. By adopting a biopsychological framework of food reward, this study sought to develop and evaluate a brief self-report questionnaire for the trait assessment of hedonic overeating and dyscontrol. Items in the Hedonic Overeating–Questionnaire (HEDO–Q) were constructed following a rational approach and psychometrically evaluated in a large random sample from the German population (N = 2531). A confirmatory factor analysis supported the unidimensional nature of the six-item HEDO–Q with the three postulated components of wanting, liking, and dyscontrol. Psychometric properties were favorable with good corrected item-total correlations, acceptable item difficulty and homogeneity, and high internal consistency. Population norms were provided. The HEDO–Q revealed strict measurement invariance for sex and partial invariance for age and weight status. Discriminant validity was demonstrated in distinguishing participants with versus without eating disturbances or obesity. Associations with the established measures of eating disorder and general psychopathology supported the convergent and divergent validity of the HEDO–Q. This first evaluation indicates good psychometric properties of the HEDO–Q in the general population. Future validation work is warranted on the HEDO–Q’s stability, sensitivity to change, and predictive and construct validity. View Full-Text
Keywords: food addiction; addictive-like eating; hedonic overeating; eating disorders; obesity; wanting; liking; psychometric; reliability; validity food addiction; addictive-like eating; hedonic overeating; eating disorders; obesity; wanting; liking; psychometric; reliability; validity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hilbert, A.; Witte, V.; Meule, A.; Braehler, E.; Kliem, S. Development of the Hedonic Overeating–Questionnaire (HEDO–Q). Nutrients 2022, 14, 1865. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091865

AMA Style

Hilbert A, Witte V, Meule A, Braehler E, Kliem S. Development of the Hedonic Overeating–Questionnaire (HEDO–Q). Nutrients. 2022; 14(9):1865. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091865

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hilbert, Anja, Veronica Witte, Adrian Meule, Elmar Braehler, and Soeren Kliem. 2022. "Development of the Hedonic Overeating–Questionnaire (HEDO–Q)" Nutrients 14, no. 9: 1865. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091865

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