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Article

Moderate Consumption of Beer (with and without Ethanol) and Menopausal Symptoms: Results from a Parallel Clinical Trial in Postmenopausal Women

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Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences and Gastronomy, XaRTA, School of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, University of Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
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INSA-UB, Nutrition and Food Safety Research Institute, University of Barcelona, 08921 Santa Coloma de Gramanet, Spain
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CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clínic, Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: LaVerne L. Brown
Nutrients 2021, 13(7), 2278; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072278
Received: 8 June 2021 / Revised: 26 June 2021 / Accepted: 28 June 2021 / Published: 30 June 2021
The menopausal transition can be a challenging period for women’s health and a trigger of uncomfortable symptoms. Beer is the main food source of isoxanthohumol, a precursor of 8-prenylnaringenin, the strongest phytoestrogen identified to date. As phytoestrogens are reported to reduce perimenopausal symptoms, we evaluated if a daily moderate consumption of beer with (AB) and without alcohol (NAB) could improve menopausal symptoms and modify cardiovascular risk factors. A total of 37 postmenopausal women were enrolled in a parallel controlled intervention trial and assigned to three study groups: 16 were administered AB (330 mL/day), 7 NAB (660 mL/day), and 14 were in the control group. After a 6-month follow-up of the 34 participants who finished the trial, both interventions (AB and NAB) significantly reduced the severity of the menopause-related symptoms (p-value AB vs. Control: 0.009; p-value NAB vs. Control: 0.033). Moreover, AB had a beneficial net effect on psychological menopausal discomforts compared to the control group. As the sex hormone profile did not differ significantly between the study groups, the effects of both types of beers (AB and NAB) are attributed to the non-alcoholic fraction of beer. Furthermore, moderate NAB consumption improved the lipid profile and decreased blood pressure in postmenopausal women. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytoestrogens; prenylflavonoids; polyphenols; health; menopause; alcohol; cardiovascular risk factors phytoestrogens; prenylflavonoids; polyphenols; health; menopause; alcohol; cardiovascular risk factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Trius-Soler, M.; Marhuenda-Muñoz, M.; Laveriano-Santos, E.P.; Martínez-Huélamo, M.; Sasot, G.; Storniolo, C.E.; Estruch, R.; Lamuela-Raventós, R.M.; Tresserra-Rimbau, A. Moderate Consumption of Beer (with and without Ethanol) and Menopausal Symptoms: Results from a Parallel Clinical Trial in Postmenopausal Women. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2278. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072278

AMA Style

Trius-Soler M, Marhuenda-Muñoz M, Laveriano-Santos EP, Martínez-Huélamo M, Sasot G, Storniolo CE, Estruch R, Lamuela-Raventós RM, Tresserra-Rimbau A. Moderate Consumption of Beer (with and without Ethanol) and Menopausal Symptoms: Results from a Parallel Clinical Trial in Postmenopausal Women. Nutrients. 2021; 13(7):2278. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072278

Chicago/Turabian Style

Trius-Soler, Marta, María Marhuenda-Muñoz, Emily P. Laveriano-Santos, Miriam Martínez-Huélamo, Gemma Sasot, Carolina E. Storniolo, Ramon Estruch, Rosa M. Lamuela-Raventós, and Anna Tresserra-Rimbau. 2021. "Moderate Consumption of Beer (with and without Ethanol) and Menopausal Symptoms: Results from a Parallel Clinical Trial in Postmenopausal Women" Nutrients 13, no. 7: 2278. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072278

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