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Nutrition in Gynecological Diseases: Current Perspectives
 
 
Review

Nutrition in Menopausal Women: A Narrative Review

1
Gynecological Endocrinology Unit, Division of Endocrinology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Rua Ramiro Barcelos 2350, Porto Alegre 90035-003, Brazil
2
Laboratory of Molecular Endocrinology, Department of Physiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre 90035-003, Brazil
3
Medical School of Universidade de Passo Fundo, São Vicente de Paulo Hospital, Passo Fundo 99052-900, Brazil
4
Division of Human Reproduction, Hospital das Clínicas, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte 30130-100, Brazil
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Leanne M. Redman
Nutrients 2021, 13(7), 2149; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072149
Received: 21 May 2021 / Revised: 16 June 2021 / Accepted: 18 June 2021 / Published: 23 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition in Gynecologic Disease)
Among the various aspects of health promotion and lifestyle adaptation to the postmenopausal period, nutritional habits are essential because they concern all women, can be modified, and impact both longevity and quality of life. In this narrative review, we discuss the current evidence on the association between dietary patterns and clinical endpoints in postmenopausal women, such as body composition, bone mass, and risk markers for cardiovascular disease. Current evidence suggests that low-fat, plant-based diets are associated with beneficial effects on body composition, but further studies are needed to confirm these results in postmenopausal women. The Mediterranean diet pattern along with other healthy habits may help the primary prevention of bone, metabolic, and cardiovascular diseases in the postmenopausal period. It consists on the use of healthy foods that have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, and is associated with a small but significant decrease in blood pressure, reduction of fat mass, and improvement in cholesterol levels. These effects remain to be evaluated over a longer period of time, with the assessment of hard outcomes such as bone fractures, diabetes, and coronary ischemia. View Full-Text
Keywords: menopause; nutrition; body composition; bone; cardiovascular risk menopause; nutrition; body composition; bone; cardiovascular risk
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MDPI and ACS Style

Silva, T.R.; Oppermann, K.; Reis, F.M.; Spritzer, P.M. Nutrition in Menopausal Women: A Narrative Review. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2149. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072149

AMA Style

Silva TR, Oppermann K, Reis FM, Spritzer PM. Nutrition in Menopausal Women: A Narrative Review. Nutrients. 2021; 13(7):2149. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072149

Chicago/Turabian Style

Silva, Thais R., Karen Oppermann, Fernando M. Reis, and Poli Mara Spritzer. 2021. "Nutrition in Menopausal Women: A Narrative Review" Nutrients 13, no. 7: 2149. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072149

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