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Article

Prospective Associations between Maternal and Child Diet Quality and Sedentary Behaviors

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Endocrinology Department, Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu, 08950 Barcelona, Spain
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PhD Program Food and Nutrition University of Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
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Gasol Foundation, 08830 Barcelona, Spain
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PSITIC Research Group, Psychology, Education and Sport Sciences Department, Blanquerna–Universitat Ramon Llull, 08022 Barcelona, Spain
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CSM Nou Barris, Programa de Jóvenes, 08042 Barcelona, Spain
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Non-Communicable Diseases and Environment Research Program, ISGlobal Barcelona Institute for Global Health, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
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Cardiovascular Risk and Nutrition Research Group, IMIM Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institut, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
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CIBER Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERobn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Genetics Research Group, IMIM Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institut, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
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CIBER Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Serra Hunter Fellow, Departament of Medicine, University of Barcelona, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
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Gasol Foundation, Los Angeles, CA 90004, USA
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GREpS, Health Education Research Group, Nursing and Physiotherapy Department, University of Lleida, 25008 Lleida, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tor A. Strand
Nutrients 2021, 13(5), 1713; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051713
Received: 16 March 2021 / Revised: 13 May 2021 / Accepted: 13 May 2021 / Published: 18 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Epidemiology)
As the most likely primary caregivers, mothers are an integral part of children’s social influence and are therefore greatly involved in shaping their children’s behaviors. The objectives were to determine the prospective associations between maternal and child diet quality and sedentary behaviors. This study, within the framework of a community-based intervention study, included 1130 children aged 8–10 years and their mothers. The study was carried out during two academic years (2012/2014) with a mean follow-up of 15 months. Exposure and outcome variables were measured at baseline and follow-up, respectively. Diet quality was assessed by the KIDMED questionnaire and the short Diet Quality Screener, respectively. Sedentary behaviors were determined by standardized questions of sedentary behaviors. Maternal consumption of fruits, vegetables, fish, legumes, pasta/rice, dairy products, nuts and baked goods were positively associated (p < 0.05) with the corresponding child behavior. Multiple linear regression models adjusted for sex, age, maternal education and intervention group revealed significant cross-sectional (p < 0.005) and prospective (p < 0.01) associations between maternal and child overall diet quality and sedentary behaviors. Maternal diet quality and sedentary behaviors were predictive for these lifestyle behaviors in children. View Full-Text
Keywords: mothers; children; diet quality; sedentary behaviors; prospective associations mothers; children; diet quality; sedentary behaviors; prospective associations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Juton, C.; Lerin, C.; Homs, C.; Casas Esteve, R.; Berruezo, P.; Cárdenas-Fuentes, G.; Fíto, M.; Grau, M.; Estrada, L.; Gómez, S.F.; Schröder, H. Prospective Associations between Maternal and Child Diet Quality and Sedentary Behaviors. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1713. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051713

AMA Style

Juton C, Lerin C, Homs C, Casas Esteve R, Berruezo P, Cárdenas-Fuentes G, Fíto M, Grau M, Estrada L, Gómez SF, Schröder H. Prospective Associations between Maternal and Child Diet Quality and Sedentary Behaviors. Nutrients. 2021; 13(5):1713. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051713

Chicago/Turabian Style

Juton, Charlotte, Carles Lerin, Clara Homs, Rafael Casas Esteve, Paula Berruezo, Gabriela Cárdenas-Fuentes, Montserrat Fíto, Maria Grau, Lidia Estrada, Santiago F. Gómez, and Helmut Schröder. 2021. "Prospective Associations between Maternal and Child Diet Quality and Sedentary Behaviors" Nutrients 13, no. 5: 1713. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051713

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