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Review

Diet Quality of Malaysians across Lifespan: A Scoping Review of Evidence in a Multi-Ethnic Population

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Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Malaysia, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, Bandar Sunway 47500, Malaysia
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School of Medicine, International Medical University, Jalan Jalil Perkasa 19, Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia
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Division of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Sciences, International Medical University, Jalan Jalil Perkasa 19, Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia
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Centre for Translational Research, IMU Institute for Research and Development (IRDI), International Medical University, Jalan Jalil Perkasa 19, Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Emilio Sacanella
Nutrients 2021, 13(4), 1380; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041380
Received: 28 February 2021 / Revised: 24 March 2021 / Accepted: 4 April 2021 / Published: 20 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet and Wellbeing across the Life Course)
Malaysia is a rapidly developing economy experiencing a nutrition transition. It suffers from a double burden of over- and undernutrition, making it essential to understand diet quality in the population. In this scoping review, we have collated the existing literature on Malaysian diet quality, including factors that influence it, and the association between diet quality and health outcomes across the lifespan of Malaysians. Overall, diet quality was poor in all age groups studied. The Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and its iterations were predominantly used in urban and clinical settings to evaluate diet-chronic disease relationships. These indices were significantly associated with cardio-metabolic and disease risks in adults. The Diet Diversity Score (DDS) and Food Variety Score (FVS) were used to gauge diet quality in maternal and child nutrition studies and were associated with appropriate growth and caloric intake. Deficiencies were found in fruit, vegetable, legumes, and dairy intake. Meat, salt, and sugar intake were found to be excessive in many studies. The findings can inform policies to improve diet quality in this population. The review also identified knowledge gaps that require further investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet quality; diet index; diet variety; nutrition assessment; Malaysia diet quality; diet index; diet variety; nutrition assessment; Malaysia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramadas, A.; Tham, S.M.; Lalani, S.A.; Shyam, S. Diet Quality of Malaysians across Lifespan: A Scoping Review of Evidence in a Multi-Ethnic Population. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1380. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041380

AMA Style

Ramadas A, Tham SM, Lalani SA, Shyam S. Diet Quality of Malaysians across Lifespan: A Scoping Review of Evidence in a Multi-Ethnic Population. Nutrients. 2021; 13(4):1380. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041380

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramadas, Amutha, Su M. Tham, Shehzeen A. Lalani, and Sangeetha Shyam. 2021. "Diet Quality of Malaysians across Lifespan: A Scoping Review of Evidence in a Multi-Ethnic Population" Nutrients 13, no. 4: 1380. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041380

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