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Article

Household Engagement in Both Aquaculture and Horticulture Is Associated with Higher Diet Quality than Either Alone

1
Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 1138657, Japan
2
WorldFish, Jalan Batu Maung, Batu Maung, Bayan, Lepas, Penang 11960, Malaysia
3
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
4
Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Nutrition, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2705; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092705
Received: 5 August 2020 / Revised: 31 August 2020 / Accepted: 31 August 2020 / Published: 4 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition, Education and Dietetics)
The consumption of high-quality diverse diets is crucial for optimal growth, health, and wellbeing. Objective: This study assessed the diet quality of households by their type of engagement in homestead aquaculture and/or horticulture. Socio-demographic determinants of diet quality were also studied. Method: Diet quality was assessed using a nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR), based on the preceding 7 days’ dietary recall at the household level. Adult male equivalent units (AMEs) were used for age- and sex-specific intra-household distribution of household intakes. Mean adequacy ratios (MAR) were computed as an overall measure of diet quality, using NAR. Results: Better diet quality (mean ± SD) was associated with households engaged in both homestead aquaculture and horticulture (0.43 ± 0.23; p < 0.001) compared to only one type of agriculture (0.38 ± 0.20) or none (0.36 ± 0.20). Tukey’s post-hoc test confirmed significant differences in diet quality between both and either engagement (0.05 ± 0.01, p < 0.001), both and no engagement (0.07 ± 0.01, p < 0.001), and either and no engagement households (0.02 ± 0.01, p < 0.001). Beyond farm production of nutrient-rich foods, generalized estimating equations showed that diet quality was influenced by the higher educational level and occupation of adult household members, higher daily per capita food expenditure, sex, family size and region. Conclusions: Projects that promote and support household engagement in both homestead aquaculture and horticulture have the potential to improve the diet quality of households. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet quality; micronutrients; aquaculture; horticulture diet quality; micronutrients; aquaculture; horticulture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Akter, R.; Yagi, N.; Sugino, H.; Thilsted, S.H.; Ghosh, S.; Gurung, S.; Heneveld, K.; Shrestha, R.; Webb, P. Household Engagement in Both Aquaculture and Horticulture Is Associated with Higher Diet Quality than Either Alone. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2705. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092705

AMA Style

Akter R, Yagi N, Sugino H, Thilsted SH, Ghosh S, Gurung S, Heneveld K, Shrestha R, Webb P. Household Engagement in Both Aquaculture and Horticulture Is Associated with Higher Diet Quality than Either Alone. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2705. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092705

Chicago/Turabian Style

Akter, Rumana, Nobuyuki Yagi, Hiroaki Sugino, Shakuntala H. Thilsted, Shibani Ghosh, Sabi Gurung, Katherine Heneveld, Robin Shrestha, and Patrick Webb. 2020. "Household Engagement in Both Aquaculture and Horticulture Is Associated with Higher Diet Quality than Either Alone" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2705. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092705

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