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Article

Prevalence and Social Determinants of Food Insecurity among College Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Texas Woman’s University, Houston, TX 77030, USA
2
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Texas Woman’s University, Denton, TX 76204, USA
3
Department of Nursing, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
4
Institute for Women’s Health, College of Health Sciences, Houston, TX 77030, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2515; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092515
Received: 28 July 2020 / Revised: 15 August 2020 / Accepted: 19 August 2020 / Published: 20 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has increased unemployment and food insecurity in the United States (US). Prior to the pandemic, college students exhibited higher rates of food insecurity than nonstudent households. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence and determinants of food insecurity among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic. We administered an online survey to 651 students on three diverse campuses at a state-funded university in Texas, US, in May 2020. Food security was assessed using a multistep approach that included the 2-item Food Sufficiency Screener and 6-Item USDA Food Security Survey Module (FSSM). Overall, 34.5% of respondents were classified as food insecure within the last 30 days. The strongest predictors of food insecurity were change in current living arrangement (OR = 2.70, 95% CI: 2.47, 2.95), being furloughed (OR = 3.22, 95% CI: 2.86, 3.64), laid off (OR = 4.07, 95% CI: 3.55, 4.66), or losing part-time work (OR = 5.73, 95% CI: 5.09, 6.46) due to the COVID-19 pandemic. These findings highlight the high prevalence of food insecurity among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic, with students who experienced housing insecurity and/or loss of income due to the pandemic being impacted the most. View Full-Text
Keywords: food security; hunger; females; housing insecurity; unemployment; coronavirus food security; hunger; females; housing insecurity; unemployment; coronavirus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Owens, M.R.; Brito-Silva, F.; Kirkland, T.; Moore, C.E.; Davis, K.E.; Patterson, M.A.; Miketinas, D.C.; Tucker, W.J. Prevalence and Social Determinants of Food Insecurity among College Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2515. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092515

AMA Style

Owens MR, Brito-Silva F, Kirkland T, Moore CE, Davis KE, Patterson MA, Miketinas DC, Tucker WJ. Prevalence and Social Determinants of Food Insecurity among College Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2515. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092515

Chicago/Turabian Style

Owens, Meghan R., Francilia Brito-Silva, Tracie Kirkland, Carolyn E. Moore, Kathleen E. Davis, Mindy A. Patterson, Derek C. Miketinas, and Wesley J. Tucker 2020. "Prevalence and Social Determinants of Food Insecurity among College Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2515. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092515

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