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Open AccessArticle

Frequency of Restaurant, Delivery and Takeaway Usage Is Not Related to BMI among Adults in Scotland

1
School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Ave, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, UK
2
State Key Laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, Institute of Genetics and Development Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
Centre of Excellence in Animal Evolution and Genetics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2501; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092501
Received: 24 July 2020 / Revised: 12 August 2020 / Accepted: 14 August 2020 / Published: 19 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
Background: The frequency of visits to restaurants has been suggested to contribute to the pandemic of obesity. However, few studies have examined how individual use of these restaurants is related to Body Mass Index (BMI). Aim: To investigate the association between the usage of different types of food outlets and BMI among adults in Scotland. Method: The study was cross-sectional. Participants completed an online survey for seven consecutive days where all food purchased at food outlets was reported each day. We explored the relationship between BMI and usage of these food outlets. Results: The total number of participants that completed the survey was 681. The BMI of both males and females was not related to frequency of use of Full-Service Restaurants (FSRs), Fast-Food Restaurants (FFRs), delivery or takeaways, when assessed individually or combined (TFOs = total food outlets). Conclusion: These cross-sectional data do not support the widespread belief that consumption of food out of the home at fast-food and full-service restaurants, combined with that derived from deliveries and takeaways, is a major driver of obesity in Scotland. View Full-Text
Keywords: food outlet usage; obesity; energy intake; energy contents food outlet usage; obesity; energy intake; energy contents
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MDPI and ACS Style

Albalawi, A.; Hambly, C.; Speakman, J.R. Frequency of Restaurant, Delivery and Takeaway Usage Is Not Related to BMI among Adults in Scotland. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2501.

AMA Style

Albalawi A, Hambly C, Speakman JR. Frequency of Restaurant, Delivery and Takeaway Usage Is Not Related to BMI among Adults in Scotland. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2501.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Albalawi, Ahmad; Hambly, Catherine; Speakman, John R. 2020. "Frequency of Restaurant, Delivery and Takeaway Usage Is Not Related to BMI among Adults in Scotland" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2501.

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