Next Article in Journal
Lower Dietary Inflammatory Index Scores Are Associated with Lower Glycemic Index Scores among College Students
Previous Article in Journal
Recent Perspectives Regarding the Role of Dietary Protein for the Promotion of Muscle Hypertrophy with Resistance Exercise Training
Open AccessArticle

Vitamin B12 Status of Various Ethnic Groups Living in New Zealand: An Analysis of the Adult Nutrition Survey 2008/2009

Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
School of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, PB 92006, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
Riddet Institute, Massey University, Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(2), 181;
Received: 5 January 2018 / Revised: 18 January 2018 / Accepted: 2 February 2018 / Published: 7 February 2018
Vitamin B12 deficiency leads to serious health problems, whilst sub-optimal status is associated with raised biochemical markers of disease risk. Identifying at-risk groups could benefit both individuals and public health. Dietary data were sourced from the New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey 2008/2009, involving a nationally representative sample of 4721 participants. Ethnic groupings were by regional origin: Māori and Pacific Islands, New Zealand European, East and South-East Asian, and South Asian. Diets were assessed using 24-h recalls and from responses to a questionnaire. Blood samples were obtained from a subset (n = 3348). The mean (95% CI) vitamin B12 intake of the Māori and Pacific Islands group was 5.1 (4.7, 5.5) µg/day, New Zealand Europeans 4.1 (3.8, 4.3) µg/day, East and South-East Asians 4.5 (3.7, 5.3) µg/day, and South Asians 3.0 (2.5, 3.6) µg/day. Overall, 20.1% of the sample had vitamin B12 inadequacy (<221 pmol/L). South Asians had the lowest vitamin B12 concentration at 282 (251, 312) pmol/L, whilst Māori/Pacific and East/South-East Asians had the highest, at 426 (386, 466) and 425 (412, 437) pmol/L, respectively. The main dietary determinant of serum vitamin B12 concentration was whether or not people ate red meat, with a regression coefficient of 27.0 (95% CI: 6.6, 47.5). It would be helpful for health agencies to be aware of the potential for compromised vitamin B12 status in South Asian communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamin B12; national survey; dietary intake; ethnicity vitamin B12; national survey; dietary intake; ethnicity
MDPI and ACS Style

Devi, A.; Rush, E.; Harper, M.; Venn, B. Vitamin B12 Status of Various Ethnic Groups Living in New Zealand: An Analysis of the Adult Nutrition Survey 2008/2009. Nutrients 2018, 10, 181.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop I did now initially check that there shouldn't be