Next Article in Journal
Evaluation of Error in IMERG Precipitation Estimates under Different Topographic Conditions and Temporal Scales over Mexico
Previous Article in Journal
A Machine Learning Method for Co-Registration and Individual Tree Matching of Forest Inventory and Airborne Laser Scanning Data
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Remote Sens. 2017, 9(5), 504;

Assessing Re-Composition of Xing’an Larch in Boreal Forests after the 1987 Fire, Northeast China

Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Monitoring of Geographic Environment, College of Geography Sciences, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150025, China
College of Mining Engineering, Heilongjiang University of Science and Technology, Harbin 150027, China
Department of Geography, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ioannis Gitas and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 20 March 2017 / Revised: 24 April 2017 / Accepted: 16 May 2017 / Published: 19 May 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [8368 KB, uploaded 19 May 2017]   |  


Xing’an larch, a deciduous coniferous species, is the zonal tree of the Greater Xing’an Mountains in Northeast China. In May 1987, a catastrophic fire broke out in the mountains and burned 1.3 million hectares of forests in 26 days. While studies have shown that forest greenness has come back to normal in certain years, the re-composition of this zonal species has not been studied after the 1987 fire. With a series of Landsat 8 OLI images acquired in 2013–2015, this study builds the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Green Vegetation Index (GVI) time series in a complete growing cycle. A decision tree is developed to classify tree species with an overall accuracy of 86.16% and Kappa coefficient of 0.80. The re-composition of Xing’an larch after the 1987 fire is extracted, and its variations in areas under different fire intensities are statistically analyzed. Results show that Xing’an larch comprises 17.52%, 26.20% and 33.19% of forests in burned areas with high, medium and low fire intensities, respectively. Even around 30 years after the 1987 fire, the composition of this zonal species in boreal forest has not been fully recovered in the Greater Xing’an Mountains. The Xing’an larch map extracted in this study could serve as base information for ecological and environmental studies in this south end of the boreal Eurasia. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest fire; Xing’an larch; post-fire recovery; satellite time series forest fire; Xing’an larch; post-fire recovery; satellite time series

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, J.; Wang, C.; Zang, S. Assessing Re-Composition of Xing’an Larch in Boreal Forests after the 1987 Fire, Northeast China. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 504.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Remote Sens. EISSN 2072-4292 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top