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Open AccessArticle

Polarization Patterns of Transmitted Celestial Light under Wavy Water Surfaces

by Guanhua Zhou 1,2,3, Jiwen Wang 1, Wujian Xu 1,*, Kai Zhang 4,* and Zhongqi Ma 1
School of Instrumentation Science and Opto-Electronics Engineering, Beihang University, No. 37 Xueyuan Rd., Haidian, Beijing 100191, China
Key Laboratory of Space Ocean Remote Sensing and Application, State Oceanic Administration, No. 8 Da Huisi Rd., Haidian, Beijing 100081, China
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Linhai Li, Yunlin Zhang, Claudia Giardino, Deepak R. Mishra and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Remote Sens. 2017, 9(4), 324;
Received: 3 January 2017 / Revised: 22 March 2017 / Accepted: 27 March 2017 / Published: 29 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Optics and Water Colour Remote Sensing)
This paper presents a model to describe the polarization patterns of celestial light, which includes sunlight and skylight, when refracted by wavy water surfaces. The polarization patterns and intensity distribution of refracted light through the wave water surface were calculated. The model was validated by underwater experimental measurements. The experimental and theoretical values agree well qualitatively. This work provides a quantitative description of the repolarization and transmittance of celestial light transmitted through wave water surfaces. The effects of wind speed and incident sources on the underwater refraction polarization patterns are discussed. Scattering skylight dominates the polarization patterns while direct solar light is the dominant source of the intensity of the underwater light field. Wind speed has an influence on disturbing the patterns under water. View Full-Text
Keywords: wavy water; polarized refraction; skylight polarization; oceanic optics wavy water; polarized refraction; skylight polarization; oceanic optics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, G.; Wang, J.; Xu, W.; Zhang, K.; Ma, Z. Polarization Patterns of Transmitted Celestial Light under Wavy Water Surfaces. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 324.

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