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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(11), 1160; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs9111160

RapidScat Cross-Calibration Using the Double Difference Technique

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL 32901, USA
2
Central Florida Remote Sensing Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 28816-2450, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 October 2017 / Revised: 8 November 2017 / Accepted: 9 November 2017 / Published: 12 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Ocean Remote Sensing)
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Abstract

RapidScat is a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ku-Band scatterometer that was operated onboard the International Space Station between September 2014 and August 2016 when the mission effectively ended after an irrecoverable instrument failure. A unique non-Sun-synchronous orbit facilitated global contiguous geographical sampling between the ±56° latitude. For the first time, such an orbit enabled an overlap with other scatterometers flying in Sun-synchronous orbits. The double-difference technique was developed and successfully used for microwave radiometer calibration at the Remote Sensing Laboratory at the University of Central Florida, USA. This paper presents the extension of the double difference methodology to scatterometry. The methodology has been adopted for the cross-instrument calibration between RapidScat and QuikScat scatterometers simultaneously orbiting the Earth on-board two independent satellite platforms. The double-difference technique was deployed to compare measurements from these two scatterometers, as a more accurate alternative to the classic single difference approach. The work summarized in this paper addressed a cross-calibration algorithm developed and applied to RapidScat and QuikScat data in the period from January 2015 to March 2016. The initial results of the statistical analysis and biases between the two scatterometers are presented. Calculated biases may be used for measurement correction and reprocessing. View Full-Text
Keywords: RapidScat; QuikScat; scatterometer cross calibration; double difference RapidScat; QuikScat; scatterometer cross calibration; double difference
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zec, J.; Jones, W.L.; Alsabah, R.; Al-Sabbagh, A. RapidScat Cross-Calibration Using the Double Difference Technique. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 1160.

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