Detecting Terrain Stoniness From Airborne Laser Scanning Data ††
AbstractThree methods to estimate the presence of ground surface stones from publicly available Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) point clouds are presented. The first method approximates the local curvature by local linear multi-scale fitting, and the second method uses Discrete-Differential Gaussian curvature based on the ground surface triangulation. The third baseline method applies Laplace filtering to Digital Elevation Model (DEM) in a 2 m regular grid data. All methods produce an approximate Gaussian curvature distribution which is then vectorized and classified by logistic regression. Two training data sets consisted of 88 and 674 polygons of mass-flow deposits, respectively. The locality of the polygon samples is a sparse canopy boreal forest, where the density of ALS ground returns is sufficiently high to reveal information about terrain micro-topography. The surface stoniness of each polygon sample was categorized for supervised learning by expert observation on the site. The leave-pair-out (L2O) cross-validation of the local linear fit method results in the area under curve
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Nevalainen, P.; Middleton, M.; Sutinen, R.; Heikkonen, J.; Pahikkala, T. Detecting Terrain Stoniness From Airborne Laser Scanning Data †. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 720.
Nevalainen P, Middleton M, Sutinen R, Heikkonen J, Pahikkala T. Detecting Terrain Stoniness From Airborne Laser Scanning Data †. Remote Sensing. 2016; 8(9):720.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nevalainen, Paavo; Middleton, Maarit; Sutinen, Raimo; Heikkonen, Jukka; Pahikkala, Tapio. 2016. "Detecting Terrain Stoniness From Airborne Laser Scanning Data †." Remote Sens. 8, no. 9: 720.
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