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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(9), 703;

A Method for Downscaling FengYun-3B Soil Moisture Based on Apparent Thermal Inertia

State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
School of Geodesy and Geomatics, Anhui University of Science & Technique, Huainan 232001, China
Joint Center for Global Change Studies, Beijing 100875, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zhongbo Su, Yijian Zeng, Zoltan Vekerdy, Gabriel Senay, Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 29 March 2016 / Revised: 3 August 2016 / Accepted: 9 August 2016 / Published: 26 August 2016
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FengYun-3B (FY-3B) soil moisture product, retrieved from passive microwave brightness temperature data based on the Qp model, has rarely been applied at the catchment and region scale. One of the reasons for this is its coarse spatial resolution (25-km). The study in this paper presented a new method to obtain a high spatial resolution soil moisture product by downscaling FY-3B soil moisture product from 25-km to 1-km spatial resolution using the theory of Apparent Thermal Inertia (ATI) under bare surface or sparse vegetation covered land surface. The relationship between soil moisture and ATI was first constructed, and the coefficients were obtained directly from 25-km FY-3B soil moisture product and ATI derived from MODIS data, which is different from previous studies often assuming the same set of coefficients applicable at different spatial resolutions. The method was applied to Naqu area on the Tibetan Plateau to obtain the downscaled 1-km resolution soil moisture product, the latter was validated using ground measurements collected from Soil Moisture/Temperature Monitoring Network on the central Tibetan Plateau (TP-STMNS) in 2012. The downscaled soil moisture showed promising results with a coefficient of determination R2 higher than 0.45 and a root mean-square error (RMSE) less than 0.11 m3/m3 when comparing with the ground measurements at 5 sites out of the 9 selected sites. It was found that the accuracy of downscaled soil moisture was largely influenced by the accuracy of the FY-3B soil moisture product. The proposed method could be applied for both bare soil surface and sparsely vegetated surface. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil moisture; downscaling; Apparent Thermal Inertia; FY-3B soil moisture; downscaling; Apparent Thermal Inertia; FY-3B

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Song, C.; Jia, L. A Method for Downscaling FengYun-3B Soil Moisture Based on Apparent Thermal Inertia. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 703.

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