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Defuzzification Strategies for Fuzzy Classifications of Remote Sensing Data

Interfaculty Department of Geoinformatics—Z_GIS, University of Salzburg, Schillerstr. 30, 5020 Salzburg, Austria
Academic Editors: Soe Myint and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Remote Sens. 2016, 8(6), 467;
Received: 1 March 2016 / Revised: 13 May 2016 / Accepted: 21 May 2016 / Published: 7 June 2016
PDF [27236 KB, uploaded 7 June 2016]


The classes in fuzzy classification schemes are defined as fuzzy sets, partitioning the feature space through fuzzy rules, defined by fuzzy membership functions. Applying fuzzy classification schemes in remote sensing allows each pixel or segment to be an incomplete member of more than one class simultaneously, i.e., one that does not fully meet all of the classification criteria for any one of the classes and is member of more than one class simultaneously. This can lead to fuzzy, ambiguous and uncertain class assignation, which is unacceptable for many applications, indicating the need for a reliable defuzzification method. Defuzzification in remote sensing has to date, been performed by “crisp-assigning” each fuzzy-classified pixel or segment to the class for which it best fulfills the fuzzy classification rules, regardless of its classification fuzziness, uncertainty or ambiguity (maximum method). The defuzzification of an uncertain or ambiguous fuzzy classification leads to a more or less reliable crisp classification. In this paper the most common parameters for expressing classification uncertainty, fuzziness and ambiguity are analysed and discussed in terms of their ability to express the reliability of a crisp classification. This is done by means of a typical practical example from Object Based Image Analysis (OBIA). View Full-Text
Keywords: defuzzification; fuzzy classification; completeness; correctness defuzzification; fuzzy classification; completeness; correctness

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Hofmann, P. Defuzzification Strategies for Fuzzy Classifications of Remote Sensing Data. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 467.

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