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Estimating Meltwater Drainage Onset Timing and Duration of Landfast Ice in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago Using AMSR-E Passive Microwave Data

Earth Observation Research Center, Tsukuba Space Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8505, Japan
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(6), 1033; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12061033
Received: 23 December 2019 / Revised: 6 March 2020 / Accepted: 13 March 2020 / Published: 23 March 2020
Meltwater drainage onset (DO) timing and drainage duration (DD) related to snowmelt-water redistribution are both important for understanding not only the Arctic energy and heat budgets but also the salt/heat balance of the mixed layer in the ocean and sea-ice ecosystem. We present DO and DD as determined from the time series of Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-Earth observing system (AMSR-E) melt pond fraction (MPF) estimates in an area with Canadian landfast ice. To address the lack of evaluation on a day-by-day basis for the AMSR-E MPF estimate, we first compared AMSR-E MPF with the daily Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) MPF. The AMSR-E MPF estimate correlates significantly with the MERIS MPF (r = 0.73–0.83). The estimate has a product quality similar to the MERIS MPF only when the albedo is around 0.5–0.7 and a positive bias of up to 10% in areas with an albedo of 0.7–0.9, including melting snow. The DO/DD estimates are determined by using a polynomial regression curve fitted on the time series of the AMSR-E MPF. The DOs/DDs from time series of the AMSR-E and MERIS MPFs are compared, revealing consistency in both DD and DO. The DO timing from 2006 to 2011 is correlated with melt onset timing. To the best of our knowledge, our study provides the first large-scale information on both DO timing and DD. View Full-Text
Keywords: sea ice; melt pond; landfast ice; meltwater drainage; arctic; passive microwave; AMSR-E sea ice; melt pond; landfast ice; meltwater drainage; arctic; passive microwave; AMSR-E
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tanaka, Y. Estimating Meltwater Drainage Onset Timing and Duration of Landfast Ice in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago Using AMSR-E Passive Microwave Data. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 1033.

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