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Remote Sens. 2018, 10(2), 177; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10020177

From Photons to Pixels: Processing Data from the Advanced Baseline Imager

1
NOAA/NESDIS/STAR, NCWCP, College Park, MD 20740, USA
2
Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Lexington, MA 02421, USA
3
Carr Astronautics, 6404 Ivy Ln. #333, Greenbelt, MD 20770, USA
4
Harris Corporation, Fort Wayne, IN 46818, USA
5
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20770, USA
6
RAMM Branch, NOAA/NESDIS/STAR, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
7
GOES-R Program Office, Code 417, Building 6, NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, MD 20770, USA
8
SCDA Branch, NOAA/NESDIS/STAR, College Park, MD 20740, USA
9
Harris Corporation, Melbourne, FL 32904, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 November 2017 / Revised: 23 January 2018 / Accepted: 24 January 2018 / Published: 26 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensing Image Processing)
Full-Text   |   PDF [13766 KB, uploaded 26 January 2018]   |  

Abstract

The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) is the primary Earth observing sensor on the new generation Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES-R) series, and provides significant spectral, spatial and temporal observational enhancements compared to the legacy GOES satellites. ABI also provides enhanced capabilities for operational sensor calibration and image navigation and registration (INR) to enable observations of the Earth with high spectral fidelity as well as creating images that are accurately mapped and co-registered over time. Unlike earlier GOES Imagers, ABI has onboard calibration capability for all sixteen bands in the reflective and emissive bands. The calibration process includes periodic and routine views of the internal reflective and blackbody targets as well as views of space and the moon. Improvements in INR are made possible by having a Global Positioning System (GPS) on board the spacecraft and routine measurements of stars through the sensor’s boresight for orbit and attitude determination through a Kalman filter. This paper describes how the sensor data are processed into calibrated and geolocated radiances that enable the generation of imagery and higher level products for both meteorological and non-meteorological Earth science applications. Some examples of ABI images and calibration are presented to demonstrate the capabilities and applications of the sensor. View Full-Text
Keywords: GOES-R; Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI); L1b GOES-R; Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI); L1b
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kalluri, S.; Alcala, C.; Carr, J.; Griffith, P.; Lebair, W.; Lindsey, D.; Race, R.; Wu, X.; Zierk, S. From Photons to Pixels: Processing Data from the Advanced Baseline Imager. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 177.

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