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Open AccessArticle

Mesospheric Bore Observations Using Suomi-NPP VIIRS DNB during 2013–2017

Institute of Space Weather, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
Center for Atmospheric Science, Hampton University, Hampton, VA 23668, USA
School of Mathematics and Information Science, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453000, China
Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Center for Space Physics, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2018, 10(12), 1935;
Received: 23 September 2018 / Revised: 31 October 2018 / Accepted: 27 November 2018 / Published: 1 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometers and Applications)
This paper reports mesospheric bore events observed by Day/Night Band (DNB) of the Visible/Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NOAA/NASA) Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) environmental satellite over five years (2013–2017). Two types of special mesospheric bore events were observed, enabled by the wide field of view of VIIRS: extremely wide bores (>2000 km extension perpendicular to the bore propagation direction), and those exhibiting more than 15 trailing crests and troughs. A mesospheric bore event observed simultaneously from space and ground was investigated in detail. DNB enables the preliminary global observation of mesospheric bores for the first time. DNB mesospheric bores occurred more frequently in March, April and May. Their typical lengths are between 300 km and 1200 km. The occurrence rate of bores at low latitudes is higher than that at middle latitudes. Among the 61 bore events, 39 events occurred in the tropical region (20°S–20°N). The high occurrence rate of mesospheric bores during the spring months in the tropical region coincides with the reported seasonal and latitudinal variations of mesospheric inversion layers. View Full-Text
Keywords: mesospheric bore; Suomi-NPP VIIRS DNB; ground-based observation; mesospheric inversion layers mesospheric bore; Suomi-NPP VIIRS DNB; ground-based observation; mesospheric inversion layers
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Su, Y.; Yue, J.; Liu, X.; Miller, S.D.; Straka, W.C., III; Smith, S.M.; Guo, D.; Guo, S. Mesospheric Bore Observations Using Suomi-NPP VIIRS DNB during 2013–2017. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1935.

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