Farmer Perception, Recollection, and Remote Sensing in Weather Index Insurance: An Ethiopia Case Study
AbstractA challenge in addressing climate risk in developing countries is that many regions have extremely limited formal data sets, so for these regions, people must rely on technologies like remote sensing for solutions. However, this means the necessary formal weather data to design and validate remote sensing solutions do not exist. Therefore, many projects use farmers’ reported perceptions and recollections of climate risk events, such as drought. However, if these are used to design risk management interventions such as insurance, there may be biases and limitations which could potentially lead to a problematic product. To better understand the value and validity of farmer perceptions, this paper explores two related questions: (1) Is there evidence that farmers reporting data have any information about actual drought events, and (2) is there evidence that it is valuable to address recollection and perception issues when using farmer-reported data? We investigated these questions by analyzing index insurance, in which remote sensing products trigger payments to farmers during loss years. Our case study is perhaps the largest participatory farmer remote sensing insurance project in Ethiopia. We tested the cross-consistency of farmer-reported seasonal vulnerabilities against the years reported as droughts by independent satellite data sources. We found evidence that farmer-reported events are independently reflected in multiple remote sensing datasets, suggesting that there is legitimate information in farmer reporting. Repeated community-based meetings over time and aggregating independent village reports over space lead to improved predictions, suggesting that it may be important to utilize methods to address potential biases. View Full-Text
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Osgood, D.; Powell, B.; Diro, R.; Farah, C.; Enenkel, M.; Brown, M.E.; Husak, G.; Blakeley, S.L.; Hoffman, L.; McCarty, J.L. Farmer Perception, Recollection, and Remote Sensing in Weather Index Insurance: An Ethiopia Case Study. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1887.
Osgood D, Powell B, Diro R, Farah C, Enenkel M, Brown ME, Husak G, Blakeley SL, Hoffman L, McCarty JL. Farmer Perception, Recollection, and Remote Sensing in Weather Index Insurance: An Ethiopia Case Study. Remote Sensing. 2018; 10(12):1887.Chicago/Turabian Style
Osgood, Daniel; Powell, Bristol; Diro, Rahel; Farah, Carlos; Enenkel, Markus; Brown, Molly E.; Husak, Greg; Blakeley, S. L.; Hoffman, Laura; McCarty, Jessica L. 2018. "Farmer Perception, Recollection, and Remote Sensing in Weather Index Insurance: An Ethiopia Case Study." Remote Sens. 10, no. 12: 1887.
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