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Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1516;

Meso-Scale Urban Form Elements for Bus Transit-Oriented Development: Evidence from Seoul, Republic of Korea

Department of Urban Design and Planning, Hongik University, 94 Wowsan-ro, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04066, Korea
Architecture & Urban Research Institute, 701, 194, Jeoljae-ro, Sejong-si 30103, Korea
Department of Architecture, Chung-Ang University, Heuksukdong-ro 84, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 06974, Korea
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 July 2017 / Revised: 20 August 2017 / Accepted: 21 August 2017 / Published: 25 August 2017
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Rapid urbanization and the increased use of private vehicles have led to many urban problems. Transit-oriented development (TOD) has been proposed as a solution to these problems. The present study examined the relationship between meso-scale urban form and bus ridership, as well as the link between bus and subway use in Seoul, Republic of Korea. Spatial regression models identified the effects of TOD planning factors on bus ridership at 2300 target bus stops in Seoul. The analysis revealed that TOD planning factors have a significant positive impact on bus ridership. In addition, the result indicated a complementary relationship between bus and subway use, implying that transportation policies designed to promote bus transport use through connecting bus and subway services may be effective strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: TOD; bus ridership; meso-scale urban form; spatial model TOD; bus ridership; meso-scale urban form; spatial model

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Sun, S.N.; Her, J.; Lee, S.-Y.; Lee, J.S. Meso-Scale Urban Form Elements for Bus Transit-Oriented Development: Evidence from Seoul, Republic of Korea. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1516.

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