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Sustainability 2017, 9(6), 983;

Addressing Complexity in Environmental Management and Governance

Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana University Lüneburg, Scharnhorststrasse 1, 21335 Lüneburg, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giuseppe Ioppolo and Fabio Carlucci
Received: 23 February 2017 / Revised: 31 May 2017 / Accepted: 3 June 2017 / Published: 7 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Governance for complex problem solving has been increasingly discussed in environmental sustainability research. Above all, researchers continuously observe that sustainability problems are complex or “wicked”, and suggest participatory models to address these problems in practice. In order to add to this debate, this study suggests a more differentiated theoretical approach to define governance for complex environmental problem solving than in previous studies. The approach consists of two vital steps: First, we operationalize complexity and define management strategies for solving environmental sustainability problems based on findings from psychology research. Second, we identify governance strategies that facilitate these management strategies. Linking those strategies suggests that the role of diverse institutions, actors, and interactions differs for five key dimensions of complexity: goals, variables, dynamics, interconnections, and informational uncertainty. The results strengthen systematic analyses of environmental sustainability problems in both theory and practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: complex problems; complex problem solving; governance; Integrated Water Resources Management; Water Framework Directive; wicked problems complex problems; complex problem solving; governance; Integrated Water Resources Management; Water Framework Directive; wicked problems

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Kirschke, S.; Newig, J. Addressing Complexity in Environmental Management and Governance. Sustainability 2017, 9, 983.

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