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Property Rights and the Soybean Revolution: Shaping How China and Brazil Are Telecoupled

Department of Geography, Environment, and Spatial Sciences at Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48823, USA
Center for Environmental Studies and Research, State University of Campinas, 13083-867 Campinas, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Harini Nagendra
Sustainability 2017, 9(6), 954;
Received: 4 April 2017 / Revised: 31 May 2017 / Accepted: 1 June 2017 / Published: 5 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in an Urbanizing World: The Role of People)
China currently has the largest population in the world and is currently experiencing rapid economic and urban growth, becoming the world’s number one pork and poultry consumer. In order to meet this growing demand for meat, China has increased its demand for soybeans to produce chicken and pork. It has imported soybeans from the United States, Brazil, and Argentina, while keeping its soybean production for direct human consumption stable at home. Brazil has become the largest soybean exporter to China, and, in response specifically to Chinese demand, has become the second largest producer of soybeans in the world. This has changed land use in Brazil, particularly in its central plateau. In this paper, we indicate how these two countries, telecoupled by trade in soybeans, are depending on each other as they try to balance environmental and economic objectives. Brazil, as a sending system, has created pressures on its natural ecosystems, which have led to losses particularly in the Cerrado biome and its ecotones in the Amazon’s tropical moist forest biome. China, as a receiving system, has created a land asset important to regenerating its lost natural systems (e.g., forest cover areas). Both countries have different property rights regimes, which have created distinct circumstances in which they are to protect or regenerate their natural ecosystems. Throughout this paper, we analyze how both countries have dealt with the lure offered by the soybean commodity trade. View Full-Text
Keywords: property rights; telecoupling; agribusiness; Brazil; China property rights; telecoupling; agribusiness; Brazil; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Torres, S.M.; Moran, E.F.; Silva, R.F.B.d. Property Rights and the Soybean Revolution: Shaping How China and Brazil Are Telecoupled. Sustainability 2017, 9, 954.

AMA Style

Torres SM, Moran EF, Silva RFBd. Property Rights and the Soybean Revolution: Shaping How China and Brazil Are Telecoupled. Sustainability. 2017; 9(6):954.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Torres, Sara M., Emilio F. Moran, and Ramon F.B.d. Silva 2017. "Property Rights and the Soybean Revolution: Shaping How China and Brazil Are Telecoupled" Sustainability 9, no. 6: 954.

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