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Food System Sustainability across Scales: A Proposed Local-To-Global Approach to Community Planning and Assessment

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Department of Strategic Sustainable Development, Blekinge Institute of Technology, 37179 Karlskrona, Sweden
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School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Acadia University, Wolfville, NS B4P 2R1, Canada
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Fred. C. Manning School of Business, Acadia University, Wolfville, NS B4P 2R1, Canada
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Faculty of Business and Law, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M15 6BH, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(6), 1061; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9061061
Received: 2 May 2017 / Revised: 13 June 2017 / Accepted: 15 June 2017 / Published: 19 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
Interest in food systems sustainability is growing, but progress toward them is slow. This research focuses on three interrelated challenges that hinder progress. First, prevailing visions lack a concrete definition of sustainability. Second, global level conceptions fail to guide responses at the local level. Third, these deficiencies may lead to conflicting initiatives for addressing sustainable food systems at the community level that slow collective progress. The purpose of this article is to (1) describe the development of a framework for assessing food system sustainability which accommodates local-level measurement in the context of broader national and global scale measures; and (2) to propose a process that supports community determinacy over localized progress toward sustainable food systems. Using a modified Delphi Inquiry process, we engaged a diverse, global panel of experts in describing “success” with respect to sustainable food systems, today’s reality, and identifying key indicators for tracking progress towards success. They were asked to consider scale during the process in order to explore locally relevant themes. Data were analyzed using the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) to facilitate a comprehensive and systematic exploration of key themes and indicators. Key results include a framework of indicator themes that are anchored in a concrete definition of sustainability, stable at national and global scales while remaining flexible at the local scale to accommodate contextual needs. We also propose a process for facilitating community-level planning for food system sustainability that utilizes this indicator framework. The proposed process is based on insights from the research results, as well as from previous research and experience applying the FSSD at a community level; it bears promise for future work to support communities to determine their own pathways, while contributing to a more coordinated whole. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable food systems; community development; indicators; sustainable development; backcasting sustainable food systems; community development; indicators; sustainable development; backcasting
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Carlsson, L.; Callaghan, E.; Morley, A.; Broman, G. Food System Sustainability across Scales: A Proposed Local-To-Global Approach to Community Planning and Assessment. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1061.

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