Next Article in Journal
Determinants of Plate Leftovers in One German Catering Company
Next Article in Special Issue
Lifting the Information Barriers to Address Sustainability Challenges with Data from Physical Geography and Earth Observation
Previous Article in Journal
Open Innovation in Value Chain for Sustainability of Firms
Previous Article in Special Issue
Relationships between Soil Crust Development and Soil Properties in the Desert Region of North China

Treelines—Approaches at Different Scales

Institute of Landscape Ecology, Heisenbergstrasse 2, University of Münster, D-48149 Münster, Germany
Institute of Geography, Seminarstrasse 19, University of Osnabrück, D-49074 Osnabrück, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mary J. Thornbush
Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 808;
Received: 31 March 2017 / Revised: 22 April 2017 / Accepted: 27 April 2017 / Published: 12 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Geography and Environmental Sustainability)
Scales in treeline research depend on the objectives and must match the underlying natural processes. Factors and processes at one scale may not be as important at another scale. In the global view, the number of factors influencing climatic treeline position can be reduced to the effects of heat deficiency. Emphasis, however, should be laid on differentiation of the treeline by their regionally and locally varying physiognomy, diversity, spatial and temporal features, and heterogeneity. An assessment of the relative importance of the factors shaping regional/local treeline physiognomy, spatial patterns, and dynamics should have priority. This can be achieved only by syndisciplinary research. Such studies are indispensable for assessing treeline response to climate change at the regional and landscape scales. View Full-Text
Keywords: scales; treeline heterogeneity; climate change; treeline dynamics; human impact; treeline history; animals’ impact scales; treeline heterogeneity; climate change; treeline dynamics; human impact; treeline history; animals’ impact
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Holtmeier, F.-K.; Broll, G. Treelines—Approaches at Different Scales. Sustainability 2017, 9, 808.

AMA Style

Holtmeier F-K, Broll G. Treelines—Approaches at Different Scales. Sustainability. 2017; 9(5):808.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Holtmeier, Friedrich-Karl, and Gabriele Broll. 2017. "Treelines—Approaches at Different Scales" Sustainability 9, no. 5: 808.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop