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Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 808;

Treelines—Approaches at Different Scales

Institute of Landscape Ecology, Heisenbergstrasse 2, University of Münster, D-48149 Münster, Germany
Institute of Geography, Seminarstrasse 19, University of Osnabrück, D-49074 Osnabrück, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mary J. Thornbush
Received: 31 March 2017 / Revised: 22 April 2017 / Accepted: 27 April 2017 / Published: 12 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Geography and Environmental Sustainability)
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Scales in treeline research depend on the objectives and must match the underlying natural processes. Factors and processes at one scale may not be as important at another scale. In the global view, the number of factors influencing climatic treeline position can be reduced to the effects of heat deficiency. Emphasis, however, should be laid on differentiation of the treeline by their regionally and locally varying physiognomy, diversity, spatial and temporal features, and heterogeneity. An assessment of the relative importance of the factors shaping regional/local treeline physiognomy, spatial patterns, and dynamics should have priority. This can be achieved only by syndisciplinary research. Such studies are indispensable for assessing treeline response to climate change at the regional and landscape scales. View Full-Text
Keywords: scales; treeline heterogeneity; climate change; treeline dynamics; human impact; treeline history; animals’ impact scales; treeline heterogeneity; climate change; treeline dynamics; human impact; treeline history; animals’ impact

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Holtmeier, F.-K.; Broll, G. Treelines—Approaches at Different Scales. Sustainability 2017, 9, 808.

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