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Perspectives of Sustainable Development of Tourism in the North-East Region of Romania
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Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 698;

Tourism Pressure at the Regional Level in the Context of Sustainable Development in Romania

Department of Statistics and Econometrics, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, 15-17 Dorobanti St., Sector 1, 010552 Bucharest, Romania
Department of Geography, Valahia University of Targoviste, 130105 Targoviste, Romania
Department of Business Administration, Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti, 100680 Ploiesti, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fabio Carlucci and Giuseppe Ioppolo
Received: 7 December 2016 / Revised: 19 April 2017 / Accepted: 21 April 2017 / Published: 28 April 2017
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Tourism, through its components, can be found in all areas that relate to sustainable development principles. Although it should be encouraged due to the multiplier effect that it has in the development of a region, it creates pressure on the surrounding environment like any other economic activity in the process of specific potential capitalization. This paper is aimed at determining the degree of tourism pressure, its trend and impact on tourism’s sustainable development and the Romanian economy. When this pressure exceeds the ecological support capacity, negative effects occur, both on the landscape in general, and on certain tourist objectives, in particular. The assessment of this pressure and its most accurate quantification imply the use, calculation, correlation and interpolation of indicators that may summarize certain aspects related to the density of tourist fittings, tourist traffic intensity and capitalization level. Hence, the approach would be considered regionally and in terms of tourism pressure dynamics, depending on the structure of available statistical data, as well as to get a clearer picture. The authors used methods specific to geography, as well as statistical and econometric methods. The interdependence between tourism, tourism pressure and sustainability is described in the Central region. The results and observations determined with reference to the factors and indicators shown underlie the coordination of the tourism activity in the other regions according to the processes of sustainability and tourism pressure mitigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: tourism pressure; sustainable development; macro-regions; tourism management tourism pressure; sustainable development; macro-regions; tourism management

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Gogonea, R.-M.; Baltălungă, A.A.; Nedelcu, A.; Dumitrescu, D. Tourism Pressure at the Regional Level in the Context of Sustainable Development in Romania. Sustainability 2017, 9, 698.

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