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Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 336;

Regional Features and National Differences in Population Distribution in China’s Border Regions (2000–2015)

School of Humanities and Economic Management, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Beijing 100101, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Received: 22 December 2016 / Revised: 20 February 2017 / Accepted: 20 February 2017 / Published: 25 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2970 KB, uploaded 25 February 2017]   |  


China is of great geostrategic significance not only in the Asia-Pacific region, but also in the wider world. The population distribution in China’s border regions is of significance for the development of China and neighboring countries. Based on the LandScan Population Distribution Database, this study used GIS spatial analysis and statistics to investigate national trends in the population distribution of China’s border regions. The study areas were the buffer zones within specified Euclidean distances from the land borders of China. The results showed that: (1) Although the population agglomeration index and population size inside China’s border areas have increased, the population density inside China’s border areas is still far below China’s average population density; (2) Over the last 15 years, the population of China’s northwestern border has been sparse, with small increases in the population agglomeration index and population size. China’s northeastern and southwestern border regions have several average population density areas, but the northeastern regions have seen a substantial reduction in population size since 2000. Based on our analysis, we propose that the Chinese government introduce supporting policies for the development of border regions to maintain the population size. At the same time, considering the varied living suitability of the natural environment along the northeastern, northwestern, and southwestern borders, “moderate agglomeration” and “moderate evacuation” population development strategies should be implemented in specified areas. Tilt policy should also be implemented in areas of rapid population decline. View Full-Text
Keywords: border regions; population distribution; regional features; national differences border regions; population distribution; regional features; national differences

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You, Z.; Feng, Z.; Lei, Y.; Yang, Y.; Li, F. Regional Features and National Differences in Population Distribution in China’s Border Regions (2000–2015). Sustainability 2017, 9, 336.

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