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Environmental Innovation and Employment: Drivers and Synergies

Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Plaza de la Universidad 1, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2057;
Received: 28 August 2017 / Revised: 21 October 2017 / Accepted: 6 November 2017 / Published: 9 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
Numerous empirical studies focus on the drivers of environmental innovation or their potential employment effects. Nevertheless, we have scarce knowledge about whether factors that influence eco-innovation and employment generation are related. The main purpose is to analyze the synergies between eco-innovation and employment using a sample of more than 6000 innovative Spanish manufacturing and service firms. Using different econometric procedures, the main findings show that size, R&D and export influence eco-innovation and employment in the same direction, while age, belonging to a group, public subsidies and internal and external knowledge sources exert a different effect. Thus, older firms create less employment but have a high probability of being environmental innovators compared with younger firms. Furthermore, the size of the company moderates the positive role of eco-innovation on employment growth, while young firms not belonging to a group (eco-entrepreneurs) contribute more to employment growth than old firms belonging to a parent firm. Implications for scholars, managers and policy makers in terms of sustainable and economic growth are made. View Full-Text
Keywords: eco-innovation; employment; Spain; firms eco-innovation; employment; Spain; firms
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MDPI and ACS Style

Triguero, Á.; Cuerva, M.C.; Álvarez-Aledo, C. Environmental Innovation and Employment: Drivers and Synergies. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2057.

AMA Style

Triguero Á, Cuerva MC, Álvarez-Aledo C. Environmental Innovation and Employment: Drivers and Synergies. Sustainability. 2017; 9(11):2057.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Triguero, Ángela, María C. Cuerva, and Carlos Álvarez-Aledo. 2017. "Environmental Innovation and Employment: Drivers and Synergies" Sustainability 9, no. 11: 2057.

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