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Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2057;

Environmental Innovation and Employment: Drivers and Synergies

Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Plaza de la Universidad 1, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 August 2017 / Revised: 21 October 2017 / Accepted: 6 November 2017 / Published: 9 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Numerous empirical studies focus on the drivers of environmental innovation or their potential employment effects. Nevertheless, we have scarce knowledge about whether factors that influence eco-innovation and employment generation are related. The main purpose is to analyze the synergies between eco-innovation and employment using a sample of more than 6000 innovative Spanish manufacturing and service firms. Using different econometric procedures, the main findings show that size, R&D and export influence eco-innovation and employment in the same direction, while age, belonging to a group, public subsidies and internal and external knowledge sources exert a different effect. Thus, older firms create less employment but have a high probability of being environmental innovators compared with younger firms. Furthermore, the size of the company moderates the positive role of eco-innovation on employment growth, while young firms not belonging to a group (eco-entrepreneurs) contribute more to employment growth than old firms belonging to a parent firm. Implications for scholars, managers and policy makers in terms of sustainable and economic growth are made. View Full-Text
Keywords: eco-innovation; employment; Spain; firms eco-innovation; employment; Spain; firms

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Triguero, Á.; Cuerva, M.C.; Álvarez-Aledo, C. Environmental Innovation and Employment: Drivers and Synergies. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2057.

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