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Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1764;

Heterogeneous Value of Water: Empirical Evidence in South Korea

Department of International Economics and Trade & Global Sustainable Development Economics Institute, Sunmoon University, Asan 31460, Korea
Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements, 5 Gukchaegyeonguwon-ro, Sejong 30149, Korea
Korea Environment Institute, 370 Sicheong-daero, Sejong 30147, Korea
National Assembly Research Service, Seoul 07233, Korea
Program in Environmental Technology and Policy, Department of Environmental Engineering, Korea University, Sejong 30019, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2017 / Revised: 24 September 2017 / Accepted: 26 September 2017 / Published: 29 September 2017
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Anthropogenic pressures have exacerbated self-sustaining river services, and growing concerns over sustaining river system become global problematic issues that lead us to implement river restoration projects. Of those projects, governing diverse needs and desires from stakeholders for those who have various water values are key elements of identifying the success of the project. In fact, the Korean government has had concern over restoring the rivers which brings to construct 16 weirs in four major rivers and may fail to achieve main goal of the project, which is to ameliorate water quality. In this study, principle component analysis and multinomial logit model were executed to investigate major socioeconomic variables to influence water values in terms of sustainability in Korea. Evitable evidences have been found that age, income, education level, and city dwelling are the most effective variables to estimate water values. In addition, a monotonous water development project and a myopic view could cause major dejection across the nation and may lead to the failure of water governance. Unfortunately, the latter may be observed in Korea as one of the reasons for the recent amplification of major conflicts. View Full-Text
Keywords: multinomial logit model; principle component analysis; river; sustainable development; water value multinomial logit model; principle component analysis; river; sustainable development; water value

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Lee, Y.; Cho, S.; Han, H.; Kim, K.; Hong, Y. Heterogeneous Value of Water: Empirical Evidence in South Korea. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1764.

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