Next Article in Journal
Measuring Urban Redevelopment Sustainability: Exploring Challenges from Downtown Seoul
Previous Article in Journal
Sustainability Reporting in Family Firms: A Panel Data Analysis
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(1), 41;

Extreme Weather Impacts on Maize Yield: The Case of Shanxi Province in China

Center for International Climate and Environmental Research—Oslo (CICERO), P.O. Box 1129 Blindern, 0318 Oslo, Norway
Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
Antai College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper was presented at the Conference of Agriculture and Climate Change in Transition Economies IAMO Forum 2015, Halle (Saale), Germany, 17–19 June 2015 and at the Global Land Programme 3rd Open Science Meeting, Beijing, China, 24–27 October 2016.
Academic Editor: Adrian Muller
Received: 6 October 2016 / Revised: 15 December 2016 / Accepted: 19 December 2016 / Published: 28 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
Full-Text   |   PDF [935 KB, uploaded 28 December 2016]   |  


Extreme weather can have negative impacts on crop production. In this study, we statistically estimate the impacts of dry days, heat waves, and cold days on maize yield based on household survey data from 1993 to 2011 in ten villages of Shanxi province, China. Our results show that dry days, heat waves, and cold days have negative effects on maize yield, although these effects are marginal if these extreme events do not increase dramatically. Specifically, a one percent increase in extreme-heat-degree-days and consecutive-dry-days results in a maize yield declines of 0.2% and 0.07%, respectively. Maize yield also is reduced by 0.3% for cold days occurring during the growing season from May to September. However, these extreme events can increase dramatically in a warmer world and result in considerable reduction in maize yields. If all the historical temperatures in the villages are shifted up by 2 degrees Celsius, total impacts of these extreme events would lead to a reduction of maize yield by over 30 percent. The impacts may be underestimated since we did not exclude the offset effect of adaptation measures adopted by farmers to combat these extreme events. View Full-Text
Keywords: agriculture; climate change; consecutive dry days; heat waves; degree days; food security agriculture; climate change; consecutive dry days; heat waves; degree days; food security

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wei, T.; Zhang, T.; De Bruin, K.; Glomrød, S.; Shi, Q. Extreme Weather Impacts on Maize Yield: The Case of Shanxi Province in China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 41.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top