2. Literature Review
2.1. Defining New Ruralism
2.2. Approaches and Limitations to Farmland Preservation Techniques
3. Methods and Results: Farmland Preservation Issues with New Ruralism-Based Developments
3.1. Economic Pressures for Increased Development vs. Benefits of Farmland Preservation
3.2. Threats of Over-Consumption of Farmland and Green Space
3.3. Possible Instability of Operating Farms
4. Discussion: Adjusting the Concept of New Ruralism
5. Conclusions: Priorities and Recommendations for Future Research, Policy and Practice
Conflicts of Interest
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|Category||New Ruralism||New Urbanism||Smart Growth||Agricultural Urbanism|
|Definition||The preservation and enhancement of urban edge rural areas that as indispensable elements to the economic, environmental and cultural vitality of cities and metropolitan regions||A model for organizing development in cities, towns, and villages that are compact, walkable, mixed-use, and transit-friendly and contain a diverse range of housing||Development that serves the economy, the community, and the environment||A walkable urban form surrounded by large-scale food production|
|Etiology||The need for more sustainable development patterns at the metropolitan edge||changes in physical form are a necessary precondition for urban economic, social, and ecological change||Economic forces, consumer preferences, or misguided public policies||The need for more sustainable practices associated with local food production and better public health|
|Goal||Sustaining rural areas||Sustaining urban areas||Sustaining regions||Sustaining regions|
|Environment||Agro-ecosystems||Cities||A range of neighborhoods||Urbanizing areas|
|Agricultural Typology||Small—medium size farms||Industrial agriculture||Mixed typologies||Large scale farm systems|
|Lifestyle||Rural lifestyle||Urban lifestyle||Urban or rural lifestyles||Urban lifestyle|
|Extension||Low density peripherals||High-density centers||Urbanizing regions||Urbanizing Regions|
|As Defined by Development||Increased density, suburban lots organized around agricultural preserves||Compact urban development supported by multi-modal transportation services||Large-scale planning mechanisms promoting clustered development and open space preservation||Large-scale planning emphasizing regional food systems and urban growth|
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