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Article

Methodology for Monitoring Sustainable Development of Isolated Microgrids in Rural Communities

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Chile, Santiago 8370451, Chile
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Escuela de Ingeniería Química, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Ciudad Universitaria, 11 Av., Guatemala 01012, Guatemala
3
Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3050, USA
4
Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Sustainability 2016, 8(11), 1163; https://doi.org/10.3390/su8111163
Received: 1 July 2016 / Revised: 30 October 2016 / Accepted: 31 October 2016 / Published: 10 November 2016
Microgrids are a rapidly evolving and increasingly common form of local power generation used to serve the needs of both rural and urban communities. In this paper, we present a methodology to evaluate the evolution of the sustainability of stand-alone microgrids projects. The proposed methodology considers a composite sustainability index (CSI) that includes both positive and negative impacts of the operation of the microgrid in a given community. The CSI is constructed along environmental, social, economic and technical dimensions of the microgrid. The sub-indexes of each dimension are aggregated into the CSI via a set of adaptive weighting factors, which indicate the relative importance of the corresponding dimension in the sustainability goals. The proposed methodology aims to be a support instrument for policy makers especially when defining sound corrective measures to guarantee the sustainability of small, isolated microgrid projects. To validate the performance of the proposed methodology, a microgrid installed in the northern part of Chile (Huatacondo) has been used as a benchmarking project. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; isolated microgrids; composite index; policy makers sustainable development; isolated microgrids; composite index; policy makers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rahmann, C.; Núñez, O.; Valencia, F.; Arrechea, S.; Sager, J.; Kammen, D. Methodology for Monitoring Sustainable Development of Isolated Microgrids in Rural Communities. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8111163

AMA Style

Rahmann C, Núñez O, Valencia F, Arrechea S, Sager J, Kammen D. Methodology for Monitoring Sustainable Development of Isolated Microgrids in Rural Communities. Sustainability. 2016; 8(11):1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8111163

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rahmann, Claudia, Oscar Núñez, Felipe Valencia, Susana Arrechea, Jalel Sager, and Daniel Kammen. 2016. "Methodology for Monitoring Sustainable Development of Isolated Microgrids in Rural Communities" Sustainability 8, no. 11: 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8111163

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