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Design and Implementation of a Microgrid Energy Management System

Information and Telecommunication Engineering, Incheon National University, Incheon 22012, Korea
UCLA Smart Grid Energy Research Center, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Computer Engineering, Gachon University, Seongnam 13120, Korea
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shuhui Li
Sustainability 2016, 8(11), 1143;
Received: 15 August 2016 / Revised: 6 October 2016 / Accepted: 20 October 2016 / Published: 7 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Grid)
PDF [2485 KB, uploaded 7 November 2016]


A microgrid is characterized by the integration of distributed energy resources and controllable loads in a power distribution network. Such integration introduces new, unique challenges to microgrid management that have never been exposed to traditional power systems. To accommodate these challenges, it is necessary to redesign a conventional Energy Management System (EMS) so that it can cope with intrinsic characteristics of microgrids. While many projects have shown excellent research outcomes, they have either tackled portions of the characteristics or validated their EMSs only via simulations. This paper proposes a Microgrid Platform (MP), an advanced EMS for efficient microgrid operations. We design the MP by taking into consideration (i) all the functional requirements of a microgrid EMS (i.e., optimization, forecast, human–machine interface, and data analysis) and (ii) engineering challenges (i.e., interoperability, extensibility, and flexibility). Moreover, a prototype system is developed and deployed in two smart grid testbeds: UCLA Smart Grid Energy Research Center and Korea Institute of Energy Research. We then conduct experiments to verify the feasibility of the MP design in real-world settings. Our testbeds and experiments demonstrate that the MP is able to communicate with various energy devices and to perform an energy management task efficiently. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy management system; microgrid; testbed; smart grid; Internet of Things (IoT) energy management system; microgrid; testbed; smart grid; Internet of Things (IoT)

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Lee, E.-K.; Shi, W.; Gadh, R.; Kim, W. Design and Implementation of a Microgrid Energy Management System. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1143.

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