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Sustainability 2015, 7(9), 11570-11594;

Evaluation Framework for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Sustainable Development Perspective

Department of Business Administration, National Central University, Taoyuan City 32001, Taiwan
Department of Travel and Eco-tourism, Tungnan University, New Taipei City 222, Taiwan
Institute of Environmental Engineering and Management, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei 10608, Taiwan
Graduate Institute of Urban Planning, National Taipei University, New Taipei City 23741, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bin Yu
Received: 22 March 2015 / Revised: 27 July 2015 / Accepted: 13 August 2015 / Published: 25 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon reduction strategies and methods in transportation)
PDF [946 KB, uploaded 25 August 2015]


Road transport accounts for 72.06% of total transport CO2, which is considered a cause of climate change. At present, the use of alternative fuels has become a pressing issue and a significant number of automakers and scholars have devoted themselves to the study and subsequent development of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). The evaluation of AFVs should consider not only air pollution reduction and fuel efficiency but also AFV sustainability. In general, the field of sustainable development is subdivided into three areas: economic, environmental, and social. On the basis of the sustainable development perspective, this study presents an evaluation framework for AFVs by using the DEMATEL-based analytical network process. The results reveal that the five most important criteria are price, added value, user acceptance, reduction of hazardous substances, and dematerialization. Price is the most important criterion because it can improve the popularity of AFVs and affect other criteria, including user acceptance. Additional, the energy usage criterion is expected to significantly affect the sustainable development of AFVs. These results should be seriously considered by automakers and governments in developing AFVs. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; alternative fuel vehicle; DEMATEL; ANP sustainable development; alternative fuel vehicle; DEMATEL; ANP

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Chang, D.-S.; Chen, S.-H.; Hsu, C.-W.; Hu, A.H.; Tzeng, G.-H. Evaluation Framework for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Sustainable Development Perspective. Sustainability 2015, 7, 11570-11594.

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