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From Water-Constrained to Water-Driven Sustainable Development—A Case of Water Policy Impact Evaluation

Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Sophia University, 7-1, Kioicho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554, Japan
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Sustainability 2015, 7(7), 8950-8964; https://doi.org/10.3390/su7078950
Received: 6 May 2015 / Revised: 1 July 2015 / Accepted: 2 July 2015 / Published: 9 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Sustainability and Applications)
A water allocation policy that aimed to balance water demand with water availability to ensure sustainability was implemented in an arid region of China over ten years ago. This policy’s success was assessed across three dimensions: society, the environment, and the economy. While the assessment was not intended to be comprehensive, it highlighted the best outcomes of the policy intervention while revealing some hidden issues. It was found that although the policy was successful in placing a ceiling on water use in the middle reaches of the Heihe River, the Water User Association, one of the main actors in water policy implementation, was under-recognized, even though it functioned well. Moreover, the economic structural adjustment at the macro level had not led to any significant reduction in water use, the reasons for which were explored. View Full-Text
Keywords: water allocation; Heihe River; Zhangye City; WUA; water productivity water allocation; Heihe River; Zhangye City; WUA; water productivity
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Huang, G. From Water-Constrained to Water-Driven Sustainable Development—A Case of Water Policy Impact Evaluation. Sustainability 2015, 7, 8950-8964.

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