Next Article in Journal
Saving the Planet’s Climate or Water Resources? The Trade-Off between Carbon and Water Footprints of European Biofuels
Previous Article in Journal
Albanian and UK Consumers’ Perceptions of Farmers’ Markets and Supermarkets as Outlets for Organic Food: An Exploratory Study
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2015, 7(6), 6652-6664;

Energy Usage of Residents on Offshore Islands in Taiwan

Energy Research Center, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan
Department of Accounting Information, Tainan University of Technology, No. 529, Zhongzheng Road, Yongkang District, Tainan 710, Taiwan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 1 April 2015 / Revised: 19 May 2015 / Accepted: 20 May 2015 / Published: 26 May 2015
Full-Text   |   PDF [754 KB, uploaded 26 May 2015]   |  


A field study was conducted through interviews on offshore islands in Taiwan to investigate the energy usage of local residents. A comparison of household appliance usage in mainland Taiwan with that on the offshore islands revealed that, overall, the most commonly used household appliances are steam cookers/rice cookers, water dispensers, and washing machines. For other household appliances, Levels 2 and 3 offshore isles have lower use penetration rates compared with those in mainland Taiwan and on Level 1 offshore isles, particularly for the use of computers. By contrast, the use penetration rate for chest freezers on Levels 2 and 3 offshore isles is high, and each household has one or more freezers on average. This appliance is not a commonly observed household product in mainland Taiwan or on Level 1 offshore isles. Furthermore, because of the government policy, every household on parts of Level 2 offshore isles and on all Level 3 offshore isles has a fixed monthly charge of electricity. The transportation of liquefied petroleum gas is also inconvenient, and the gas price is slightly higher, leading to the tendency of residents to consume excessive amounts of electrical energy, which does not correspond with the aim of the government to conserve energy and reduce carbon emissions; thus, the relevant authorities’ review and improvement on energy consumption on Levels 2 and 3 offshore isles are required. View Full-Text
Keywords: Penghu; Taiwan; energy usage; subsidy Penghu; Taiwan; energy usage; subsidy

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, S.-C.; Chang, K.-C.; Lin, W.-M.; Chung, K.-M. Energy Usage of Residents on Offshore Islands in Taiwan. Sustainability 2015, 7, 6652-6664.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top