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Climate Variability and Household Adaptation Strategies in Southern Ethiopia

Department of Economics, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 138, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wisdom Akpalu
Sustainability 2015, 7(6), 6353-6375;
Received: 31 January 2015 / Accepted: 8 April 2015 / Published: 25 May 2015
PDF [1084 KB, uploaded 25 May 2015]


This paper examines the determinants and implied economic impacts of climate change adaptation strategies in the context of traditional pastoralism. It is based on econometric analysis of survey data generated from household level interviews in southern Ethiopian rangelands. Pastoralists’ perception of climate change in the region is found to be very consistent with the actually recorded trends of increased temperature and the evident secular declines in precipitation. Not only long-term declines, trends in the region’s rainfall also appear to have taken a shift towards the direction of more unpredictability. Pastoralist adaptation response strategies broadly involve adjustments in pastoral practices and shifts to non-pastoral livelihoods. Results of the estimated models confirm that pastoral mobility is still quite essential in the present context of climate-induced household vulnerabilities. Increased mobility and diversification of pastoral herd portfolios in favor of a drought-tolerant species (camel) are found to be positively associated with pastoral household net income. A policy stance that ignores the detrimental impacts of the currently pervasive private rangeland enclosures or intends to hasten pastoralist sedentarization in the area is simply untenable in the present context of climate-induced risks and pastoral livelihood vulnerability. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; pastoralism; adaptation strategies; Borana; Ethiopia climate change; pastoralism; adaptation strategies; Borana; Ethiopia

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Berhanu, W.; Beyene, F. Climate Variability and Household Adaptation Strategies in Southern Ethiopia. Sustainability 2015, 7, 6353-6375.

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