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Household Livelihood Strategies and Dependence on Agriculture in the Mountainous Settlements in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, China

by 1,2,†, 1,†, 3,†, 1,*,†, 1,2,†, 1,2 and 1,2
1
Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences & Ministry of Water Conservancy, #9, Block 4, Renminnan Road, Chengdu 610041, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China
3
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Khumaltar, G.P.O. Box 3226, Lalitpur, Kathmandu 44700, Nepal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2015, 7(5), 4850-4869; https://doi.org/10.3390/su7054850
Received: 5 January 2015 / Revised: 14 April 2015 / Accepted: 20 April 2015 / Published: 23 April 2015
This study explores the extent to which farmers in the Three Gorges Reservoir area remain highly dependent on agriculture despite rapid urbanization and industrialization. The study focuses on the factors that determine a household’s choice of livelihood strategy, with a particular focus on the production of and dependence on agricultural products. Using a sustainable livelihoods approach and survey data from farmers in the Three Gorges Reservoir area in China, the study provides a descriptive statistical analysis and ordinal logistic regression model that shows that close to 56% of households exhibit a low dependence on agriculture. The following variables had a significant influence on livelihood strategy: the maximum years of education of any household member; the age of the household head; the number of laborers in a household; household location; and formal and informal social networks. Regardless of whether the household had children, house value and fixed assets had no significant influence on livelihood strategy. According to the analysis results, we put forward the suggestions that government departments increase investment in infrastructure and make loan policies more favorable for farmers so as to encourage rural able-person to use their social networks to actively establish businesses at migrant destinations. View Full-Text
Keywords: farmers’ sustainable livelihood; agricultural collection; ordinal logistic regression model; rural households; China farmers’ sustainable livelihood; agricultural collection; ordinal logistic regression model; rural households; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, D.; Zhang, J.; Rasul, G.; Liu, S.; Xie, F.; Cao, M.; Liu, E. Household Livelihood Strategies and Dependence on Agriculture in the Mountainous Settlements in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, China. Sustainability 2015, 7, 4850-4869. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7054850

AMA Style

Xu D, Zhang J, Rasul G, Liu S, Xie F, Cao M, Liu E. Household Livelihood Strategies and Dependence on Agriculture in the Mountainous Settlements in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, China. Sustainability. 2015; 7(5):4850-4869. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7054850

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Dingde, Jifei Zhang, Golam Rasul, Shaoquan Liu, Fangting Xie, Mengtian Cao, and Enlai Liu. 2015. "Household Livelihood Strategies and Dependence on Agriculture in the Mountainous Settlements in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, China" Sustainability 7, no. 5: 4850-4869. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7054850

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