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Taiwan’s Ecological Footprint (1994–2011)

by 1 and 2,*
Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research, No. 75 Chang-Hsing Street, Taipei 10672, Taiwan
Department of Bio-Industry Communication and Development, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2014, 6(9), 6170-6187;
Received: 10 July 2014 / Revised: 11 August 2014 / Accepted: 1 September 2014 / Published: 10 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Land Use and Ecosystem Management)
According to the 2011 edition of the National Footprint Accounts (NFA) published by the Global Footprint Network (GFN), humankind consumed the resources and services of 1.5 planets in 2008; the corresponding number in 1961 was 0.7 planets. North Americans have an ecological footprint of 8.7 global hectares per person whereas Africans have a footprint of only 1.4 global hectares per person. The global mean biological capacity is only 1.8 global hectares per person so human beings are overshooting ecological resources. The ecological footprint measures the resources that are consumed by humans from the biosphere, and serves as an index of the sustainability of development. The NFA includes the ecological footprints of over 200 countries and regions, but not Taiwan. Hence, Taiwan must establish and update its own ecological footprint databases. Ecological footprint is one indicator of the sustainability of development, and can be compared across nations. This study extends previous studies by analyzing Taiwan’s ecological footprint from 2008–2011. With reference to the ecological footprint accounts of the Global Footprint Network and the Taiwan’s ecological footprint analysis for 1997–2007, this study presents Taiwan’s ecological footprint from 2008–2011. Most of the data that are used herein are taken from the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Energy Agency, Taiwan’s Council of Agriculture and Taiwan’s National Development Council. The results thus obtained reveal that Taiwan’s ecological footprint from 2008–2011 exceeded that from 1997–2007. To respond to this trend toward un-sustainable development and to help Taiwan move toward sustainability, carbon reduction and energy saving policies should be implemented to effectively manage Taiwan’s ecological resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecological footprint; biological capacity; ecological deficit ecological footprint; biological capacity; ecological deficit
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, Y.-J.; Peng, L.-P. Taiwan’s Ecological Footprint (1994–2011). Sustainability 2014, 6, 6170-6187.

AMA Style

Lee Y-J, Peng L-P. Taiwan’s Ecological Footprint (1994–2011). Sustainability. 2014; 6(9):6170-6187.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Yung-Jaan, and Li-Pei Peng. 2014. "Taiwan’s Ecological Footprint (1994–2011)" Sustainability 6, no. 9: 6170-6187.

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