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Open AccessArticle

A Multi-Level and Multi-Dimensional Measuring on Urban Sprawl: A Case Study in Wuhan Metropolitan Area, Central China

by 1,*, 2 and 3
1
Department of Land Resource Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
2
Department of Geography and Resource Management, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
3
Department of Resource and Environment Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2014, 6(6), 3571-3598; https://doi.org/10.3390/su6063571
Received: 9 April 2014 / Revised: 22 May 2014 / Accepted: 27 May 2014 / Published: 5 June 2014
Chinese cities are experiencing rapid urban expansion and being transformed into more dispersed urban form which necessitate the quantification of fine-scale intra-urban characteristics for sustainable urban development. We propose an integrated multi-level and multi-dimensional method to characterize urban sprawl and apply it to Wuhan, a typical metropolitan area in central China from 1996 to 2006. The specifications of levels are parcel at micro-level, district at meso-level and metropolitan area at macro-level. The measurements are implemented in seven dimensions: composition, configuration, gradient, density, proximity, accessibility and dynamics. Metrics are assigned to each dimension and innovative metrics such as derived contagion index, distance-based correlation coefficient and weighted centroid migration are defined to quantify the sprawling process. This bottom-up approach is capable of exploring spatio-temporal variation of urban growth at finer scales, capturing the multi-dimensional features of urban sprawl and providing policy implications for authorities at different levels. The results reveal that industrial sites and built-up land for special use are the most scattered and randomly distributed land use types, parcels and districts at the urban fringe present higher fragmentation than those in the urban core areas and urban expansion is largely enforced by assigning development zones. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban sprawl; multi-level; multi-dimension; measurement; Wuhan urban sprawl; multi-level; multi-dimension; measurement; Wuhan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeng, C.; He, S.; Cui, J. A Multi-Level and Multi-Dimensional Measuring on Urban Sprawl: A Case Study in Wuhan Metropolitan Area, Central China. Sustainability 2014, 6, 3571-3598.

AMA Style

Zeng C, He S, Cui J. A Multi-Level and Multi-Dimensional Measuring on Urban Sprawl: A Case Study in Wuhan Metropolitan Area, Central China. Sustainability. 2014; 6(6):3571-3598.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zeng, Chen; He, Sanwei; Cui, Jiaxing. 2014. "A Multi-Level and Multi-Dimensional Measuring on Urban Sprawl: A Case Study in Wuhan Metropolitan Area, Central China" Sustainability 6, no. 6: 3571-3598.

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