Next Article in Journal
Sustainable Food Production Systems and Food Security: Economic and Environmental Imperatives in Yam Cultivation in Trelawny, Jamaica
Next Article in Special Issue
Integration of Social Aspects in Decision Support, Based on Life Cycle Thinking
Previous Article in Journal
The Soil Microbial Community and Grain Micronutrient Concentration of Historical and Modern Hard Red Spring Wheat Cultivars Grown Organically and Conventionally in the Black Soil Zone of the Canadian Prairies
Previous Article in Special Issue
Advancing Integrated Systems Modelling Framework for Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Sustainability Assessment of a Biorefinery Complex in Thailand

The Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment (JGSEE), King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Bangkok, 10140, Thailand
Center for Energy Technology and Environment, Ministry of Education, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2011, 3(3), 518-530;
Received: 1 February 2011 / Revised: 16 February 2011 / Accepted: 28 February 2011 / Published: 21 March 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment)
PDF [212 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]


In this paper, a biorefinery complex in Thailand was assessed vis-à-vis sustainability. The complex studied includes plantations of sugarcane and a biorefinery system composed of several units including, a sugar mill, power plant, ethanol factory and fertilizer plant. The assessment aimed at evaluating the environmental and socio-economic implications relating to molasses-based ethanol production and use, and maximized utilization of the biomass materials produced as part of the biorefinery complex. Global warming potential, human development index and total value added are the three indicators that were selected to perform the assessment. The results obtained revealed that the maximization of biomass utilization at the level of the biorefinery complex provide greenhouse gases emissions reduction benefits, enhanced living conditions for sugarcane farmers and employees of the biorefinery, and economic benefits, particularly with regard to profit and income generation. These results could serve as a first step to further improve and design indicators for sustainability assessment of biomass utilization. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; biorefinery; Thailand sustainability; biorefinery; Thailand
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gheewala, S.H.; Bonnet, S.; Prueksakorn, K.; Nilsalab, P. Sustainability Assessment of a Biorefinery Complex in Thailand. Sustainability 2011, 3, 518-530.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top