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Review

Plant-Microbe Interaction in Sustainable Agriculture: The Factors That May Influence the Efficacy of PGPM Application

1
Dipartimento di Agricoltura, Alimentazione e Ambiente, Università degli Studi di Catania, Via Valdisavoia, 5, 95123 Catania, Italy
2
Itaka Srl, Via Monte Napoleone No 8, 20121 Milano, Italy
3
Department of Crop Sciences, FiBL, Ackerstrasse 113, CH-5070 Frick, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Imre J. Holb
Sustainability 2022, 14(4), 2253; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042253
Received: 31 December 2021 / Revised: 31 January 2022 / Accepted: 3 February 2022 / Published: 16 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Breeding and Seed Sector Innovations for Organic Food Systems)
The indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has caused considerable environmental damage over the years. However, the growing demand for food in the coming years and decades requires the use of increasingly productive and efficient agriculture. Several studies carried out in recent years have shown how the application of plant growth-promoting microbes (PGPMs) can be a valid substitute for chemical industry products and represent a valid eco-friendly alternative. However, because of the complexity of interactions created with the numerous biotic and abiotic factors (i.e., environment, soil, interactions between microorganisms, etc.), the different formulates often show variable effects. In this review, we analyze the main factors that influence the effectiveness of PGPM applications and some of the applications that make them a useful tool for agroecological transition. View Full-Text
Keywords: PGPR; PGPF; organic farming; plant-microbe interaction; sustainability; biocontrol PGPR; PGPF; organic farming; plant-microbe interaction; sustainability; biocontrol
MDPI and ACS Style

Malgioglio, G.; Rizzo, G.F.; Nigro, S.; Lefebvre du Prey, V.; Herforth-Rahmé, J.; Catara, V.; Branca, F. Plant-Microbe Interaction in Sustainable Agriculture: The Factors That May Influence the Efficacy of PGPM Application. Sustainability 2022, 14, 2253. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042253

AMA Style

Malgioglio G, Rizzo GF, Nigro S, Lefebvre du Prey V, Herforth-Rahmé J, Catara V, Branca F. Plant-Microbe Interaction in Sustainable Agriculture: The Factors That May Influence the Efficacy of PGPM Application. Sustainability. 2022; 14(4):2253. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042253

Chicago/Turabian Style

Malgioglio, Giuseppe, Giulio F. Rizzo, Sebastian Nigro, Vincent Lefebvre du Prey, Joelle Herforth-Rahmé, Vittoria Catara, and Ferdinando Branca. 2022. "Plant-Microbe Interaction in Sustainable Agriculture: The Factors That May Influence the Efficacy of PGPM Application" Sustainability 14, no. 4: 2253. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042253

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