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Article

Long-Term Partnerships in Japanese Firms’ Logistics Outsourcing: From a Sustainable Perspective

1
Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Saitama University, Saitama 338-8570, Japan
2
Faculty of Business Administration, Seikei University, Tokyo 180-8633, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Guido Perboli
Sustainability 2022, 14(10), 6376; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106376
Received: 21 April 2022 / Revised: 19 May 2022 / Accepted: 19 May 2022 / Published: 23 May 2022
This study aimed to reveal the actual state of Japanese firms’ logistics outsourcing, and examine their relationship with LSPs. This study addressed the following issues by conducting a case study of six leading manufacturing firms. First, it clarified the characteristics of Japanese-style logistics outsourcing as: the outsourcing of the total activities, the consigning to a single LSP, and the development of advanced information systems. Moreover, it examined the logistics outsourcing performance from a sustainable perspective, and concluded that Japanese-style logistics management enables firms to achieve high performance in all the economic, environmental, and social dimensions. Second, this study confirms that the traditional Japanese business practice of long-term partnerships is still maintained in logistics outsourcing management. Third, this study also explored how long-term partnerships create sustainable competitive advantages. Finally, based on these findings, a theoretical framework illustrating the relationship between Japanese-style logistics outsourcing and firms’ sustainable competitive advantage is presented. Our findings may encourage companies to develop a long-term partnership with their logistics service providers, and to put environmental and social indicators into their KPI system to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage by balancing the economy, environment, and society. View Full-Text
Keywords: Japanese-style logistics outsourcing; long-term partnerships; trust-based collaboration; technology-enabled collaboration; sustainable competitive advantage Japanese-style logistics outsourcing; long-term partnerships; trust-based collaboration; technology-enabled collaboration; sustainable competitive advantage
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shi, J.; Park, Y.; Sugie, R.; Fukuzawa, M. Long-Term Partnerships in Japanese Firms’ Logistics Outsourcing: From a Sustainable Perspective. Sustainability 2022, 14, 6376. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106376

AMA Style

Shi J, Park Y, Sugie R, Fukuzawa M. Long-Term Partnerships in Japanese Firms’ Logistics Outsourcing: From a Sustainable Perspective. Sustainability. 2022; 14(10):6376. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106376

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shi, Jin, Youngwon Park, Ryosuke Sugie, and Mitsuhiro Fukuzawa. 2022. "Long-Term Partnerships in Japanese Firms’ Logistics Outsourcing: From a Sustainable Perspective" Sustainability 14, no. 10: 6376. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106376

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