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Circular Economy Contributions to the Tourism Sector: A Critical Literature Review
Article

The 10 Most Crucial Circular Economy Challenge Patterns in Tourism and the Effects of COVID-19

1
University Institute of Tourism and Sustainable Economic Development, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas, Spain
2
Department of Applied Economic Analysis, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Llorenç Bagur-Femenías and Jordi Perramon
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 4940; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094940
Received: 31 March 2021 / Revised: 23 April 2021 / Accepted: 26 April 2021 / Published: 28 April 2021
This paper makes a new contribution to the understanding of challenges for the transition toward the circular economy (CE) by identifying the main CE challenge patterns (CECPs) and analyzing their relevance for the tourism sector. Our work is based on a previous systematic literature review of 42 articles on CE through open coding following grounded theory. This allowed us to identify 68 CECPs and classify them into three levels of abstraction: microenvironmental, macroenvironmental, and organizational. To make this general research relevant to the tourism industry we conducted semi-structured interviews with 33 experts in CE and tourism, ensuring that theoretical saturation was reached. The data was analyzed in two coding phases, identifying which general CECPs are applicable to the tourism industry and which of them need further specification. The result shows that 34 of the 68 CECPs are applicable to tourism, of which 41% need to be specified to be relevant to the sector. Especially at the microenvironmental level, 53% of the general CECPs needed to be specified for the case of tourism. The analysis allowed to identify the 10 most crucial CECPs for the tourism industry and which of them have been most affected by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; circular tourism; tourism; challenges; barriers; COVID-19 circular economy; circular tourism; tourism; challenges; barriers; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Cabrera, J.; López-del-Pino, F. The 10 Most Crucial Circular Economy Challenge Patterns in Tourism and the Effects of COVID-19. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4940. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094940

AMA Style

Martínez-Cabrera J, López-del-Pino F. The 10 Most Crucial Circular Economy Challenge Patterns in Tourism and the Effects of COVID-19. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):4940. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094940

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martínez-Cabrera, Julia, and Francisco López-del-Pino. 2021. "The 10 Most Crucial Circular Economy Challenge Patterns in Tourism and the Effects of COVID-19" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 4940. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094940

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