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Article

Diversity Bears Fruit: Evaluating the Economic Potential of Undervalued Fruits for an Agroecological Restoration Approach in the Peruvian Amazon

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Plant Production Systems Group, Wageningen University, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Group of Environmental Economics, Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Koblenz-Landau, 76829 Landau, Germany
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Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Centre for Crop Systems Analysis, Wageningen University, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Department of Environmental Systems Science, Ecosystem Management, USYS, ETH Zürich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
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Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), 15024 Lima, Peru
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Institute for Environmental Sciences, Geoecology & Physical Geography, University of Koblenz-Landau, 76829 Landau, Germany
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Center for Environmental Systems Research, Kassel University, 34117 Kassel, Germany
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Institute of Geography, University of Hamburg, 20146 Hamburg, Germany
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International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Erasmus University Rotterdam, Kortenaerkade 12, 2518 AX The Hague, The Netherlands
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Facultad de Ingeniería Forestal y Medio Ambiente, Universidad Nacional Amazónica de Madre de Dios (UNAMAD), 17001 Puerto Maldonado, Peru
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Instituto de Inverstigación de la Amazonia Peruana (IIAP), 17001 Puerto Maldonado, Peru
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Bioversity International, Via di San Domenico, 100153 Rome, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Filipa Monteiro
Sustainability 2021, 13(8), 4582; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084582
Received: 31 March 2021 / Revised: 13 April 2021 / Accepted: 14 April 2021 / Published: 20 April 2021
Agroforestry systems with a range of native and often neglected and underutilized tree species (NUS) are increasingly recognized for their potential role in restoration, simultaneously providing ecological and livelihood benefits. Successful adoption of these systems requires knowledge about beneficial species, system-level potential profitability, and barriers faced by farmers. Such information is essential but lacking for most NUS. We analyzed the economic potential of NUS in diverse smallholder-managed agroforestry systems in the Peruvian Amazon. Through semi-structured surveys with local stakeholders (n = 40), we identified 10 native Amazonian NUS fruit with ecological, nutritious and commercial benefits. We then simulated the potential revenue per species and system-level profit of an agroforestry system designed with the 10 NUS. Our projections suggest that a diverse NUS-based agroforestry system can outcompete most alternative land-uses in the region on a per hectare profit basis. This shows that including NUS in restoration efforts could provide economic benefits for smallholders. To realize this potential, we recommend adapted interventions, e.g., increased farmer access to planting material, technical support for production and capacity building with a focus on high-potential NUS. View Full-Text
Keywords: agroecology; forest landscape restoration; agroforestry; diversity; neglected and underutilized fruit; profit; revenue; Peruvian Amazon agroecology; forest landscape restoration; agroforestry; diversity; neglected and underutilized fruit; profit; revenue; Peruvian Amazon
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lagneaux, E.; Jansen, M.; Quaedvlieg, J.; Zuidema, P.A.; Anten, N.P.R.; García Roca, M.R.; Corvera-Gomringer, R.; Kettle, C.J. Diversity Bears Fruit: Evaluating the Economic Potential of Undervalued Fruits for an Agroecological Restoration Approach in the Peruvian Amazon. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4582. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084582

AMA Style

Lagneaux E, Jansen M, Quaedvlieg J, Zuidema PA, Anten NPR, García Roca MR, Corvera-Gomringer R, Kettle CJ. Diversity Bears Fruit: Evaluating the Economic Potential of Undervalued Fruits for an Agroecological Restoration Approach in the Peruvian Amazon. Sustainability. 2021; 13(8):4582. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084582

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lagneaux, Elisabeth, Merel Jansen, Julia Quaedvlieg, Pieter A. Zuidema, Niels P.R. Anten, Mishari R. García Roca, Ronald Corvera-Gomringer, and Chris J. Kettle 2021. "Diversity Bears Fruit: Evaluating the Economic Potential of Undervalued Fruits for an Agroecological Restoration Approach in the Peruvian Amazon" Sustainability 13, no. 8: 4582. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084582

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