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Open AccessArticle

Assessing the Willingness to Use Personal e-Transporters (PeTs): Results from a Cross-National Survey in Nine European Cities

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Vias Institute, BE-1130 Brussels, Belgium
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SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, 2594 The Hague, The Netherlands
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TØI Institute of Transport Economics, 0349 Oslo, Norway
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Institute of Transport Planning and Road Traffic, Technische Universität Dresden, 01069 Dresden, Germany
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Polis, BE-1050 Brussels, Belgium
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Local Environment Management & Analysis (LEMA), Urban & Environmental Engineering (UEE), University of Liège, Polytech 1, BE-4000 Liège, Belgium
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Department of Informatics, Simulation and Modeling, KU Leuven Campus Brussels, BE-1000 Brussels, Belgium
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Faculty of Business Economics, Hasselt University, BE-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Armando Cartenì
Sustainability 2021, 13(7), 3844; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073844
Received: 6 February 2021 / Revised: 11 March 2021 / Accepted: 25 March 2021 / Published: 31 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
In the last few years, there has been a strong increase in the interest in and usage of so-called “Personal e-Transporters” (PeTs), also referred to as micro-mobility devices. Empirical research on the usage of PeTs as a transport mode is virtually non-existent, especially within Europe. This paper aims to fill this gap by investigating people’s motivations and barriers to the use of PeTs. To this end, a behavioural survey was conducted in nine European cities. A representative sample of approximately 250 respondents per city was collected, resulting in a dataset, after data cleaning, of 2159 observations. Generally, respondents’ perceptions of PeTs are not (yet) very favourable. Respondents’ perceptions related to cost and safety received the lowest scores. The results from the transtheoretical model of behavioural change show that a variety of factors influence the stage of behavioural change in which the respondents can be situated. These factors include cycling norms, current walking behaviour, walking attitudes, pro-environmental orientation, gender, PeTs possession, cycling obstacles and subscription to a bicycle sharing service. An important strength of this study lies in the international nature and the size of the data collection, ensuring the reliability and transferability of the results to other cities. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first large-scale survey to investigate people’s travel behaviour related to the usage of PeTs and possibly the only large-scale investigation that took place before the deployment of shared e-scooters in many European cities. Furthermore, an explicit link is made with other modes of active transport (walking and cycling). View Full-Text
Keywords: Personal e-Transporters; PeTs; e-scooters; active transport modes; travel behaviour; urban mobility Personal e-Transporters; PeTs; e-scooters; active transport modes; travel behaviour; urban mobility
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MDPI and ACS Style

De Ceunynck, T.; Wijlhuizen, G.J.; Fyhri, A.; Gerike, R.; Köhler, D.; Ciccone, A.; Dijkstra, A.; Dupont, E.; Cools, M. Assessing the Willingness to Use Personal e-Transporters (PeTs): Results from a Cross-National Survey in Nine European Cities. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3844. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073844

AMA Style

De Ceunynck T, Wijlhuizen GJ, Fyhri A, Gerike R, Köhler D, Ciccone A, Dijkstra A, Dupont E, Cools M. Assessing the Willingness to Use Personal e-Transporters (PeTs): Results from a Cross-National Survey in Nine European Cities. Sustainability. 2021; 13(7):3844. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073844

Chicago/Turabian Style

De Ceunynck, Tim; Wijlhuizen, Gert J.; Fyhri, Aslak; Gerike, Regine; Köhler, Dagmar; Ciccone, Alice; Dijkstra, Atze; Dupont, Emmanuelle; Cools, Mario. 2021. "Assessing the Willingness to Use Personal e-Transporters (PeTs): Results from a Cross-National Survey in Nine European Cities" Sustainability 13, no. 7: 3844. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073844

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