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Article

A Population Game Model for the Expansion of Airbnb in the City of Venice

by 1,† and 2,*,†
1
Dipartimento di Architettura, Università Roma Tre, 00184 Rome, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Università Roma Tre, 00146, Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Marco Spada and Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2021, 13(7), 3829; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073829
Received: 20 January 2021 / Revised: 13 March 2021 / Accepted: 25 March 2021 / Published: 31 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Fourth Pillar: Culture in Sustainability)
The emergence of Airbnb along with an increase in urban tourism has intensified the pressure on urban areas while adding a new dimension to the dynamics of housing distribution, especially in historic cities. These dynamics affect local economies and significantly alter the characteristics of urban spaces, hence the necessity to not only create policies that foster sustainable tourism development but also to advance urban models that explore the relation between Airbnb and the traditional rental and accommodation sector. Through the case of Venice, the present study sheds light on the potential evolution of Airbnb housing in comparison to the traditional rental and homeowner market. In particular, we sought to understand whether a potential equilibrium between these uses exists and if so, at which point in regard to this equilibrium the historic center of Venice is. To tackle this question, methods derived from the field of game theory and specifically evolutionary game theory were used. With the agents (players) being the housing units, the designed theoretical model explored the population dynamics of the housing units in Venice given the three options of homeownership or long-term renting (residential); short term renting or Airbnb (airbnb); and no use (vacant). The findings of our theoretical population game model were validated and discussed with a dataset describing the usage patterns in the city of Venice during the past 20 years. A verification of the outcome through further case studies could eventually provide insights into the future behavior of tourism’s pressure in historic urban areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: tourism carrying capacity; game theory; population games; urban models tourism carrying capacity; game theory; population games; urban models
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arbara, S.; D’Autilia, R. A Population Game Model for the Expansion of Airbnb in the City of Venice. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3829. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073829

AMA Style

Arbara S, D’Autilia R. A Population Game Model for the Expansion of Airbnb in the City of Venice. Sustainability. 2021; 13(7):3829. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073829

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arbara, Sophia, and Roberto D’Autilia. 2021. "A Population Game Model for the Expansion of Airbnb in the City of Venice" Sustainability 13, no. 7: 3829. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073829

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