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Article

Use-Related and Socio-Demographic Variations in Urban Green Space Preferences

1
Cartography & GIS Research Group, Department of Geography, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
2
Building, Architecture & Town Planning (BATir) Department, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pablo Marti
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3461; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063461
Received: 19 February 2021 / Revised: 12 March 2021 / Accepted: 16 March 2021 / Published: 20 March 2021
This paper explores use-related and socio-demographic variations in the valuation of urban green space (UGS) characteristics in the Brussels Capital Region (BCR), lending insights into the valuation of the cultural ecosystem services provided by UGS. Mismatches in the supply of and demand for UGS characteristics are also identified. Knowledge on the ways in which valuation of UGS characteristics vary and on an inadequate supply of UGS characteristics should guide and inspire planning and management of UGS to ensure that UGS provision meets the unique needs of communities. Online surveys were conducted in the BCR to determine how people use UGS, how they experience these spaces, and whether these spaces fulfil their needs for urban green Our findings indicate that socio-demographic characteristics (namely age and household composition) correspond with distinct patterns of use and valuation. Two subgroupings of users are identified: nature-oriented users and social users. Our accessibility analysis shows that, compared to social users, nature-oriented users tend to travel farther to reach their most frequently used UGS but are more often satisfied with the supply of UGS characteristics. Our findings point to an inadequate supply of nature and overcrowding of UGS in the city centre of Brussels. We recommend that planners not only consider size and distance in UGS standards but also consider the demand for UGS characteristics as well. View Full-Text
Keywords: cultural ecosystem services; urban green space; green space use; ecosystem service mismatch; ecosystem service supply; ecosystem service demand cultural ecosystem services; urban green space; green space use; ecosystem service mismatch; ecosystem service supply; ecosystem service demand
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MDPI and ACS Style

Phillips, A.; Khan, A.Z.; Canters, F. Use-Related and Socio-Demographic Variations in Urban Green Space Preferences. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3461. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063461

AMA Style

Phillips A, Khan AZ, Canters F. Use-Related and Socio-Demographic Variations in Urban Green Space Preferences. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3461. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063461

Chicago/Turabian Style

Phillips, Amy, Ahmed Z. Khan, and Frank Canters. 2021. "Use-Related and Socio-Demographic Variations in Urban Green Space Preferences" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3461. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063461

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