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Emerging Agro-Rural Complexities in Occident Mexico: Approach from Sustainability Science and Transdisciplinarity

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Posgraduate in Sustainability Science, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico (UNAM), Morelia 58190, Mexico
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Transdisciplinary Center for FES-Systemic Studies (CTF), Padre Mariano 391 Oficina 704, Providencia Santiago 7500017, Chile
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National School of Higher Studies, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico (UNAM), Morelia 58190, Mexico
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Center for Research in Environmental Geography, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico (UNAM), Morelia 58190, Mexico
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Center of Studies in Human Geography, El Colegio de Michoacán, La Piedad 59379, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Anastasios Michailidis
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3257; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063257
Received: 19 January 2021 / Revised: 25 February 2021 / Accepted: 13 March 2021 / Published: 16 March 2021
Rural and agricultural modernization and industrialization (RAMI) increased in recent decades in a multiscalar way. RAMI has implied the rural landscape transformation through the arrival of industrial models. These processes have not been linear or unidirectional; heterogeneities, opposites, mosaics, hybridizations, new interactions, problems, and tensions, between traditional and industrial agriculture and other agriculture types, have emerged. We tackle and problematized the RAMI processes, which is a complex and a real-world problem, from Sustainability Science (SS) and transdisciplinarity. Thus, considering studies and experiences in different rural areas in the world, an epistemological positioning is presented, which allows overcoming scientific frontiers and relating it to rural sustainability. We delve into the Lake Pátzcuaro Basin (LPB), Mexico, an area with a strong agricultural tradition (“milpa” systems). Recently, the presence of industrial agriculture (mainly avocado monoculture and berry greenhouses) has increased, occurring the coexistence between peasant-entrepreneurs, indigenous–non-indigenous, and new-rural. The article aims to understand comprehensively the emerging complexities from the RAMI, deepening LPB’s real case. The epistemological approach developed allow us to conceive the interaction and possible complementation between traditional agriculture, industrial agriculture and other agriculture types, and the emergence of an included middle that corresponds to an “emerging complexity”. Finally, relevant topics and questions are highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural and agricultural modernization and industrialization; peasant agriculture; industrial agriculture; rurality; traditional knowledge; epistemology; complexity; Lake Pátzcuaro Basin; Michoacán; Purépecha people rural and agricultural modernization and industrialization; peasant agriculture; industrial agriculture; rurality; traditional knowledge; epistemology; complexity; Lake Pátzcuaro Basin; Michoacán; Purépecha people
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MDPI and ACS Style

Subercaseaux, D.; Moreno-Calles, A.I.; Astier, M.; de Jesús Hernández L., J. Emerging Agro-Rural Complexities in Occident Mexico: Approach from Sustainability Science and Transdisciplinarity. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3257. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063257

AMA Style

Subercaseaux D, Moreno-Calles AI, Astier M, de Jesús Hernández L. J. Emerging Agro-Rural Complexities in Occident Mexico: Approach from Sustainability Science and Transdisciplinarity. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3257. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063257

Chicago/Turabian Style

Subercaseaux, Diego, Ana I. Moreno-Calles, Marta Astier, and José de Jesús Hernández L. 2021. "Emerging Agro-Rural Complexities in Occident Mexico: Approach from Sustainability Science and Transdisciplinarity" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3257. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063257

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