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Article

Analysis of BIM Methodology Applied to Practical Cases in the Preservation of Heritage Buildings

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Department of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Georesources, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
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Department of Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering, Graphic Expression in Engineering, Cartographic Engineering, Geodesy and Photogrammetry, Mechanical Engineering and Manufacturing Engineering, School of Industrial Engineering, Universidad de Valladolid, Paseo del Cauce 59, 47011 Valladolid, Spain
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Department of Construction and Manufacturing Engineering, ETSII-Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), C/Juan del Rosal 12, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Caggiano
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3129; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063129
Received: 25 January 2021 / Revised: 10 March 2021 / Accepted: 11 March 2021 / Published: 12 March 2021
The methodology and technology associated with building information modeling (BIM) provide architects, engineers, and historians with concepts and tools that support the development of heritage projects. However, this specific form of BIM orientated towards buildings of patrimonial value—known as historic building information modeling (HBIM)—requires a distinct and additional view, accounting for aspects which are normally not attended to on projects involving new buildings. In an HBIM context, the parametric modeling process, the basis of any BIM procedure, involves the study of shapes, patterns, or standards for the establishment of particular collections of parametric objects, as well as the record of the available technology used to capture digital geometric data. In addition, all the information collected and generated through an HBIM process must be adequately managed, maintained, and archived. In the present study, we intend to list the most recent features of HBIM, based on a bibliographic review, encompassing distinct building situations (preservation, restoration, rehabilitation, and structural assessment); different technical equipment (drones, scanners, and photogrammetry); as well as diverse forms of geometric characterization (patterns, geometric rules, or curve generation) and ways of archiving data (stratigraphy, old drawings folders, or as-built models). With the aim of identifying, as an overview, we have presented the principal modeling strategies, technologic devices, and archive procedures, as a contribution to systematizing and organizing the dispersed practical and theorical studies related with HBIM. View Full-Text
Keywords: BIM; building preservation; documentation collecting; geometric standardization; HBIM; parametric modeling BIM; building preservation; documentation collecting; geometric standardization; HBIM; parametric modeling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sampaio, A.Z.; Gomes, A.M.; Sánchez-Lite, A.; Zulueta, P.; González-Gaya, C. Analysis of BIM Methodology Applied to Practical Cases in the Preservation of Heritage Buildings. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3129. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063129

AMA Style

Sampaio AZ, Gomes AM, Sánchez-Lite A, Zulueta P, González-Gaya C. Analysis of BIM Methodology Applied to Practical Cases in the Preservation of Heritage Buildings. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3129. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063129

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sampaio, Alcinia Z., Augusto M. Gomes, Alberto Sánchez-Lite, Patricia Zulueta, and Cristina González-Gaya. 2021. "Analysis of BIM Methodology Applied to Practical Cases in the Preservation of Heritage Buildings" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3129. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063129

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