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Article

A Cross-Country Measurement of the EU Bioeconomy: An Input–Output Approach

1
Agricultural Economics and Rural Policy Group, Wageningen University, 6706 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands
2
BioMonitor Project Consultant, 41003 Seville, Spain
3
Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences, 165 00 Prague-Suchdol, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luis Jesús Belmonte-Ureña
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3033; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063033
Received: 19 January 2021 / Revised: 23 February 2021 / Accepted: 3 March 2021 / Published: 10 March 2021
This paper measures the development of the national income share of the bioeconomy for 28 European Union Member States (MS) and 16 industries of BioMonitor scope from 2005 to 2015. The paper proposes a model which includes the up- and downstream linkages using Input-Output tables. The results show that for the majority of the MS the value added of the up- and downstream sector is at the band of 40%–50% of the total bioeconomy value added and has on average increased since the financial crisis. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bioeconomy; Input–Output Analysis; Biobusiness; National Accounting Bioeconomy; Input–Output Analysis; Biobusiness; National Accounting
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cingiz, K.; Gonzalez-Hermoso, H.; Heijman, W.; Wesseler, J.H.H. A Cross-Country Measurement of the EU Bioeconomy: An Input–Output Approach. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3033. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063033

AMA Style

Cingiz K, Gonzalez-Hermoso H, Heijman W, Wesseler JHH. A Cross-Country Measurement of the EU Bioeconomy: An Input–Output Approach. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3033. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063033

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cingiz, Kutay, Hugo Gonzalez-Hermoso, Wim Heijman, and Justus H. H. Wesseler. 2021. "A Cross-Country Measurement of the EU Bioeconomy: An Input–Output Approach" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3033. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063033

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